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Cross-Border Bank Flows and Monetary Policy

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Abstract

We analyze the impact of monetary policy on bilateral cross-border bank flows using the BIS Locational Banking Statistics between 1995 and 2014. We find that monetary policy in the source countries is an important determinant of cross-border bank flows. In addition, we find evidence in favor of a cross-border bank portfolio channel. As relatively tighter monetary conditions in source countries erode the net worth and collateral values of domestic borrowers, banks reallocate their claims toward safer foreign counterparties. The cross-border reallocation of credit is more pronounced for banks in source countries with weaker financial sectors, which are likely to be more risk averse. Lastly, the reallocation is directed toward borrowers in safer countries, such as advanced economies or economies with an investment grade sovereign rating. By highlighting the effect of domestic monetary policy on foreign credit, this study enhances our understanding of the monetary policy transmission mechanism through global banks.

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  • Ricardo Correa & Teodora Paligorova & Horacio Sapriza & Andrei Zlate, 2018. "Cross-Border Bank Flows and Monetary Policy," International Finance Discussion Papers 1241, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:1241
    DOI: 10.17016/IFDP.2018.1241
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank lending; Cross-border bank flows; Monetary policy; Portfolio rebalancing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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