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Cross-Border Bank Flows and Monetary Policy: Implications for Canada

Author

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  • Ricardo Correa
  • Teodora Paligorova
  • Horacio Sapriza
  • Andrei Zlate

Abstract

Using the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Locational Banking Statistics data on bilateral bank claims from 1995 to 2014, we analyze the impact of monetary policy on cross-border bank flows. We find that monetary policy in a source country is an important determinant of cross-border bank flows. In addition, we find evidence in favor of a cross-border portfolio channel that works in parallel with the traditional bank lending channel. As tighter monetary conditions in source countries erode the net worth and collateral values of domestic borrowers, banks reallocate credit away from relatively risky domestic borrowers toward safer foreign counterparties. The cross-border reallocation of credit is more pronounced for source countries with weaker financial sectors that are likely more risk averse. Also, the reallocation is directed toward borrowers in advanced economies, or those in economies with investment-grade sovereign rating. In particular, source countries with tighter monetary policy increase cross-border credit to Canada. Our study highlights the spillovers of domestic monetary policy on foreign credit, which enhances the understanding of the international monetary transmission mechanism through global banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Correa & Teodora Paligorova & Horacio Sapriza & Andrei Zlate, 2017. "Cross-Border Bank Flows and Monetary Policy: Implications for Canada," Staff Working Papers 17-34, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:17-34
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    1. Buch, Claudia M. & Bussierè, Matthieu & Goldberg, Linda & Hills, Robert, 2019. "The international transmission of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 29-48.
    2. Argimon, Isabel & Bonner, Clemens & Correa, Ricardo & Duijm, Patty & Frost, Jon & de Haan, Jakob & de Haan, Leo & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2019. "Financial institutions’ business models and the global transmission of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 99-117.
    3. Jose Vicente Romero & Hernando Vargas-Herrera & Pamela Cardozo & Andrés Murcia, 2020. "Effects of foreign participation in the colombian local public debt market on domestic financial conditions," Borradores de Economia 1115, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Catão, Luís A.V. & te Kaat, Daniel Marcel, 2021. "Capital account liberalization and the composition of bank liabilities," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).
    5. Youngjin Yun, 2018. "Cross-Border Bank Flows through Foreign Branches: Evidence from Korea," Working Papers 2018-23, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    6. Choi, Sangyup & Furceri, Davide, 2019. "Uncertainty and cross-border banking flows," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 260-274.
    7. Auer, Simone & Friedrich, Christian & Ganarin, Maja & Paligorova, Teodora & Towbin, Pascal, 2019. "International monetary policy transmission through banks in small open economies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 34-53.
    8. Albrizio, Silvia & Choi, Sangyup & Furceri, Davide & Yoon, Chansik, 2020. "International bank lending channel of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 102(C).
    9. Eugenio Cerutti & Stijn Claessens & Andrew K. Rose, 2019. "How Important is the Global Financial Cycle? Evidence from Capital Flows," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 67(1), pages 24-60, March.
    10. Sangyup Choi & Davide Furceri & Chansik Yoon, 2021. "International Fiscal-Financial Spillovers:the Effect of Fiscal Shocks on Cross-Border Bank Lending," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 259-290, April.
    11. Paola Morales-Acevedo, 2019. "Spillover Effects of Foreign Monetary Policy on the Foreign Indebtedness of Banks and Corporations," IHEID Working Papers 17-2019, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies, revised 05 Nov 2019.
    12. Gondo, Rocío & Pérez, Fernando, 2019. "Cross-Border flows and the effect of Global Financial shocks in Latin America," Working Papers 2019-020, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    13. Hoggarth, Glen & Jung, Carsten & Reinhardt, Dennis, 2016. "Capital inflows — the good, the bad and the bubbly," Bank of England Financial Stability Papers 40, Bank of England.
    14. Schmidt, Julia & Caccavaio, Marianna & Carpinelli, Luisa & Marinelli, Giuseppe, 2018. "International spillovers of monetary policy: Evidence from France and Italy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 50-66.
    15. Jon Frost & Patty Duijm & Clemens Bonner & Leo Haan & Jakob Haan, 2019. "International Lending of Dutch Insurers and Pension Funds: the Impact of ECB Monetary Policy and Prudential Policies in the Host Country," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 445-456, July.
    16. Filardo, Andrew J. & Siklos, Pierre L., 2020. "The cross-border credit channel and lending standards surveys," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    17. Barbosa, Luciana & Bonfim, Diana & Costa, Sónia & Everett, Mary, 2018. "Cross-border spillovers of monetary policy: what changes during a financial crisis?," Research Technical Papers 10/RT/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    18. Barbosa, Luciana & Bonfim, Diana & Costa, Sónia & Everett, Mary, 2018. "Cross-border spillovers of monetary policy: What changes during a financial crisis?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 154-174.
    19. Neanidis, Kyriakos C., 2019. "Volatile capital flows and economic growth: The role of banking supervision," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 77-93.
    20. Financial Stability Committee, Task Force on cross-border Spillover Effects of macroprudential measures & Kok, Christoffer & Reinhardt, Dennis, 2020. "Cross-border spillover effects of macroprudential policies: a conceptual framework," Occasional Paper Series 242, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Institutions; Monetary Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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