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Panel Error Correction Testing with Global Stochastic Trends

Author

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  • Gengenbach Christian
  • Urbain Jean-Pierre
  • Westerlund Joakim

    (METEOR)

Abstract

This paper considers a cointegrated panel data model with common factors. Starting from the triangular representation of the model as used by Bai et al. (2008) a Granger type representation theorem is derived. The conditional error correction representation is obtained, which is used as a basis for developing two new tests for the null hypothesis of noerror correction. The asymptotic distributions of the tests are shown to be free of nuisanceparameters, depending only on the number of non-stationary variables. However, the tests are not cross-sectionally independent, which makes pooling difficult. Nevertheless, the averages of the tests converge in distribution. This makes pooling possible in spite of the cross-sectional dependence. We investigate the nite sample performance of the proposed tests in a Monte Carlo experiment and compare them to the tests proposed by Westerlund (2007). We also present two empirical applications of the new tests.

Suggested Citation

  • Gengenbach Christian & Urbain Jean-Pierre & Westerlund Joakim, 2008. "Panel Error Correction Testing with Global Stochastic Trends," Research Memorandum 051, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umamet:2008051
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter C. B. Phillips & Hyungsik R. Moon, 1999. "Linear Regression Limit Theory for Nonstationary Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(5), pages 1057-1112, September.
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    3. Pedroni, Peter, 2004. "Panel Cointegration: Asymptotic And Finite Sample Properties Of Pooled Time Series Tests With An Application To The Ppp Hypothesis," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(03), pages 597-625, June.
    4. Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 1992. "On Weak Exogeneity in Error Correction Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(2), pages 187-207, May.
    5. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2004. "A PANIC Attack on Unit Roots and Cointegration," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(4), pages 1127-1177, July.
    6. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2007. "A simple panel unit root test in the presence of cross-section dependence," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(2), pages 265-312.
    7. Joakim Westerlund, 2007. "Testing for Error Correction in Panel Data," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(6), pages 709-748, December.
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    9. Palm, Franz C. & Smeekes, Stephan & Urbain, Jean-Pierre, 2010. "A Sieve Bootstrap Test For Cointegration In A Conditional Error Correction Model," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(03), pages 647-681, June.
    10. Peter Boswijk, H., 1994. "Testing for an unstable root in conditional and structural error correction models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 37-60, July.
    11. Pesavento, Elena, 2004. "Analytical evaluation of the power of tests for the absence of cointegration," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 349-384, October.
    12. Rapach, David E. & Wohar, Mark E., 2004. "Testing the monetary model of exchange rate determination: a closer look at panels," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 867-895, October.
    13. Saikkonen, Pentti, 1991. "Asymptotically Efficient Estimation of Cointegration Regressions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(01), pages 1-21, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Banerjee, Anindya & Marcellino, Massimiliano & Masten, Igor, 2014. "Forecasting with factor-augmented error correction models," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 589-612.
    2. Bonizzi, Bruno, 2017. "Institutional investors’ allocation to emerging markets: A panel approach to asset demand," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 47-64.
    3. Herzer, Dierk & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2013. "Private Donations, Government Grants, Commercial Activities, and Fundraising: Cointegration and Causality for NGOs in International Development Cooperation," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 234-251.
    4. Christian Dreger & Dierk Herzer, 2013. "A further examination of the export-led growth hypothesis," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 39-60, August.
    5. Dong-Hyeon Kim & Shu-Chin Lin, 2017. "Natural Resources and Economic Development: New Panel Evidence," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 66(2), pages 363-391, February.
    6. Anindya Banerjee & Massimiliano Marcellino & Igor Masten, 2016. "An Overview of the Factor-augmented Error-Correction Model," Advances in Econometrics,in: Dynamic Factor Models, volume 35, pages 3-41 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    7. In Choi, 2013. "Panel Cointegration," Working Papers 1208, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.
    8. repec:wly:japmet:v:32:y:2017:i:6:p:1069-1086 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Anindya Banerjee & Massimiliano Marcellino & Igor Masten, 2017. "Structural FECM: Cointegration in large‐scale structural FAVAR models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 1069-1086, September.

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