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Output and labor productivity in organized manufacturing: A panel cointegration analysis for India

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  • Bhattacharya, Mita
  • Narayan, Paresh

Abstract

One of the policy puzzles faced in India during the last two and half decades has been the weak association between output and labor markets, particularly in the manufacturing sector. In this research, we investigate the long-run relationship between output, labor productivity and real wages in the case of organized manufacturing. We adjust the measure of labor productivity incorporating bottlenecks, such as lack of infrastructure, access to external finance, and labor regulations, which all may influence labor market outcomes. Using panel data from seventeen manufacturing industries, we establish long-run dynamics for the output-labor productivity-real wages series over a period of nearly three decades. We employ recently developed panel unit root and cointegration tests for cross-sectional dependence to incorporate heterogeneity across industries. Long-run elasticities are generally found to be low for labor productivity compared to real wages due to the changes in manufacturing output. There are variations across industries within the manufacturing sector for the effects of the labor market on manufacturing output. In some industries, lower wages are associated with higher output, and the reason for the positive relationship in other industries could be due to workers׳ bargaining power.

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  • Bhattacharya, Mita & Narayan, Paresh, 2015. "Output and labor productivity in organized manufacturing: A panel cointegration analysis for India," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 170(PA), pages 171-177.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:170:y:2015:i:pa:p:171-177
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.09.020
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    2. Chinmaya Behera & Bikash Ranjan Mishra & Biswashree Tanaya Priyadarsini & Lopamudra D. Satpathy, 2020. "Institutional Quality and Foreign Direct Investment Inflows: Evidence from Cross-country Data with Policy Implication," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(2), pages 302-316.
    3. Rath, Badri Narayan & Akram, Vaseem & Bal, Debi Prasad & Mahalik, Mantu Kumar, 2019. "Do fossil fuel and renewable energy consumption affect total factor productivity growth? Evidence from cross-country data with policy insights," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 186-199.
    4. Babbar, Sunil & Behara, Ravi S. & Koufteros, Xenophon A. & Wong, Christina W.Y., 2018. "Charting leadership in SCM research from Asia and Europe," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 203(C), pages 350-378.
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