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What Constrains Indian Manufacturing?


  • Poonam Gupta

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Rela)

  • Rana Hasan

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Rela)

  • Utsav Kumar

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Rela)


India has undertaken extensive reforms in its manufacturing sector in the last two decades. However, an acceleration of growth in manufacturing, and a concomitant increase in employment, has eluded India. What might be holding the sector back? Using Annual Survey of Industries data at the three-digit level and difference in estimates this paper finds that the post-reform performance of the manufacturing sector is heterogeneous across industries. In particular, industries dependent on infrastructure or external finance, and labour-intensive industries have not been able to reap the maximum benefits of reforms. The results point to the importance of infrastructure development and financial sector development for the manufacturing sector's growth to accelerate further. They also emphasize the need to clearly identify and address the factors inhibiting the growth of labour-intensive industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Poonam Gupta & Rana Hasan & Utsav Kumar, "undated". "What Constrains Indian Manufacturing?," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 211, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:icrier:211

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Evenson, Robert E. & Pray, Carl E. & Rosegrant, Mark W., 1999. "Agricultural research and productivity growth in India:," Research reports 109, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    More about this item


    De-licensing; external finance dependence; infrastructure intensity; labour intensity; manufacturing; reforms;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O2 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy


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