IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/red/sed016/1224.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

A Macroeconomic Model with Financially Constrained Producers and Intermediaries

Author

Listed:
  • Tim Landvoigt

    (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

    (NYU Stern School of Business)

  • Vadim Elenev

    (NYU Stern)

Abstract

We solve a general equilibrium model with three types of agents and a government. Borrower-entrepreneurs produce output financed with long-term debt issued by financial intermediaries, subject to a leverage constraint. Intermediaries fund these loans combining deposits and their own equity, and are subject to a regulatory capital constraint. Savers provide funding to banks and to the government. Both entrepreneurs and banks make optimal default decisions. The government issues debt to finance budget deficits and to pay for bank rescue operations. We solve for macroeconomic quantities, the price of capital, the yield on safe bonds, and the credit spread. We study how financial and non-financial recessions differ, show that high credit spread forecasts future declines in economic activity, and study macro-prudential policies. Policies that limit corporate leverage and financial leverage reduce welfare. Their benefits for financial and macro-economic stability are outweighed by the costs from a smaller-sized economy. The two types of macroprudential policies have different implications for the wealth distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Landvoigt & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Vadim Elenev, 2016. "A Macroeconomic Model with Financially Constrained Producers and Intermediaries," 2016 Meeting Papers 1224, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed016:1224
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://economicdynamics.org/meetpapers/2016/paper_1224.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Naohisa Hirakata & Nao Sudo & Kozo Ueda, 2013. "Capital Injection, Monetary Policy, and Financial Accelerators," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(2), pages 101-145, June.
    2. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Yuliy Sannikov, 2014. "A Macroeconomic Model with a Financial Sector," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(2), pages 379-421, February.
    3. Kai Li & Fang Yang & Hengjie Ai, 2015. "Financial Intermediation and Capital Reallocation," 2015 Meeting Papers 429, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Kenneth L. Judd, 1998. "Numerical Methods in Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262100711, March.
    5. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark & Gilchrist, Simon, 1996. "The Financial Accelerator and the Flight to Quality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(1), pages 1-15, February.
    6. repec:oup:qjecon:v:132:y:2017:i:3:p:1373-1426. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Reinhart, Karmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. ""This time is different": panorama of eight centuries of financial crises," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 77-114, March.
    8. Nataliya Klimenko & Sebastian Pfeil & Jean-Charles Rochet & Gianni De Nicolo, 2016. "Aggregate Bank Capital and Credit Dynamics," Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper Series 16-42, Swiss Finance Institute.
    9. Matteo Maggiori, 2017. "Financial Intermediation, International Risk Sharing, and Reserve Currencies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(10), pages 3038-3071, October.
    10. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Varieties of Crises and Their Dates," Introductory Chapters,in: This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly Princeton University Press.
    11. Laurent Clerc & Alexis Derviz & Caterina Mendicino & Stephane Moyen & Kalin Nikolov & Livio Stracca & Javier Suarez & Alexandros P. Vardoulakis, 2015. "Capital Regulation in a Macroeconomic Model with Three Layers of Default," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(3), pages 9-63, June.
    12. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
    13. David López-Salido & Jeremy C. Stein & Egon Zakrajšek, 2017. "Credit-Market Sentiment and the Business Cycle," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 132(3), pages 1373-1426.
    14. Adrian, Tobias & Boyarchenko, Nina, 2012. "Intermediary leverage cycles and financial stability," Staff Reports 567, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Feb 2015.
    15. Anat Admati & Martin Hellwig, 2013. "The Bankers' New Clothes: What's Wrong with Banking and What to Do about It," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 9929, December.
    16. Gertler, Mark & Karadi, Peter, 2011. "A model of unconventional monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-34, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jhouse:v:41:y:2018:i:c:p:153-167 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mendicino, Caterina & Nikolov, Kalin & Suarez, Javier & Supera, Dominik, 2018. "Bank Capital in the Short and in the Long Run," CEPR Discussion Papers 13152, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Tim Landvoigt & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Daniel Greenwald, 2017. "Financial Fragility with SAM?," 2017 Meeting Papers 1525, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Kelly, Robert & McCann, Fergal & O’Toole, Conor, 2018. "Credit conditions, macroprudential policy and house prices," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 153-167.
    5. Hamed Ghiaie, 2018. "Shadow Bank run, Housing and Credit Market: The Story of a Recession," THEMA Working Papers 2018-01, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    6. Federico Lubello & Ivan Petrella & Emiliano Santoro, 2018. "Chained financial frictions and credit cycles," BCL working papers 116, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    7. repec:bis:bisbps:95 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:oup:restud:v:85:y:2018:i:2:p:810-854. is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Villacorta, Alonso, 2018. "Business cycles and the balance sheets of the financial and non-financial sectors," ESRB Working Paper Series 68, European Systemic Risk Board.
    10. William Diamond & Tim Landvoigt, 2019. "Credit Cycles with Market Based Household Leverage," 2019 Meeting Papers 162, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    11. Faria-e-Castro, Miguel, 2019. "A Quantitative Analysis of Countercyclical Capital Buffers," Working Papers 2019-8, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 01 Jun 2019.
    12. Azzimonti, Marina & Yared, Pierre, 2019. "The optimal public and private provision of safe assets," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 126-144.
    13. Pham, Ngoc-Sang, 2018. "Credit limits and heterogeneity in general equilibrium models with a finite number of agents," MPRA Paper 88736, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Lubello, Frederico & Petrella, Ivan & Santoro, Emiliano, 2019. "Bank Assets, Liquidity and Credit Cycles," EMF Research Papers 26, Economic Modelling and Forecasting Group.
    15. Ely, Regis Augusto & Tabak, Benjamin Miranda & Teixeira, Anderson Mutter, 2019. "Heterogeneous effects of the implementation of macroprudential policies on bank risk," MPRA Paper 94546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Francesco Bianchi & Cosmin L. Ilut & Martin Schneider, 2018. "Uncertainty Shocks, Asset Supply and Pricing over the Business Cycle," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 85(2), pages 810-854.
    17. Dan Cao & Guangyu Nie & Wenlan Luo, 2019. "Fisherian Debt-Deflation Zero Lower Bound," 2019 Meeting Papers 961, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    18. Paul, Pascal, 2017. "A Macroeconomic Model with Occasional Financial Crises," Working Paper Series 2017-22, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:red:sed016:1224. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Zimmermann). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/sedddea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.