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A Macroeconomic Model with Financially Constrained Producers and Intermediaries

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Listed:
  • Tim Landvoigt

    (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

    (NYU Stern School of Business)

  • Vadim Elenev

    (NYU Stern)

Abstract

We solve a general equilibrium model with three types of agents and a government. Borrower-entrepreneurs produce output financed with long-term debt issued by financial intermediaries, subject to a leverage constraint. Intermediaries fund these loans combining deposits and their own equity, and are subject to a regulatory capital constraint. Savers provide funding to banks and to the government. Both entrepreneurs and banks make optimal default decisions. The government issues debt to finance budget deficits and to pay for bank rescue operations. We solve for macroeconomic quantities, the price of capital, the yield on safe bonds, and the credit spread. We study how financial and non-financial recessions differ, show that high credit spread forecasts future declines in economic activity, and study macro-prudential policies. Policies that limit corporate leverage and financial leverage reduce welfare. Their benefits for financial and macro-economic stability are outweighed by the costs from a smaller-sized economy. The two types of macroprudential policies have different implications for the wealth distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Tim Landvoigt & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Vadim Elenev, 2016. "A Macroeconomic Model with Financially Constrained Producers and Intermediaries," 2016 Meeting Papers 1224, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed016:1224
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    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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