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Betting the House

Listed author(s):
  • Oscar Jorda

    (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and University of California, Davis)

  • Moritz Schularick

    (University of Bonn and Centre for Economic Policy Research and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Alan M. Taylor

    (University of California, Davis and National Bureau of Economic Research and Centre for Economic Policy Research)

Is there a link between loose monetary conditions, credit growth, house price booms, and financial instability? This paper analyzes the role of interest rates and credit in driving house price booms and busts with data spanning 140 years of modern economic history in the advanced economies. We exploit the implications of the macroeconomic policy trilemma to identify exogenous variation in monetary conditions: countries with fixed exchange regimes often see fluctuations in short-term interest rates unrelated to home economic conditions. We use novel instrumental variable local projection methods to demonstrate that loose monetary conditions lead to booms in real estate lending and house prices bubbles; these, in turn, materially heighten the risk of financial crises. Both effects have become stronger in the postwar era.

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Paper provided by Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research in its series Working Papers with number 312014.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2014
Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:312014
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