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Costly Monitoring, Loan Contracts, and Equilibrium Credit Rationing

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  • Stephen D. Williamson

Abstract

This paper develops a model with asymmetrically informed agents and costly monitoring of loan contracts, where an equilibrium can exhibit credit rationing. Borrowers are identical ex ante, but some receive loans and others do not. In contrast to existing credit rationing theories, rationing does not occur here due to inflexible prices, adverse selection or moral hazard. Optimizing behaviour produces a standard debt contract in equilibrium. The aggregate quantity of loans and equilibrium interest rates respond differently depending on whether there is rationing in equilibrium.
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  • Stephen D. Williamson, 1987. "Costly Monitoring, Loan Contracts, and Equilibrium Credit Rationing," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 102(1), pages 135-145.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:qjecon:v:102:y:1987:i:1:p:135-145.
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    1. Kreps, David M & Wilson, Robert, 1982. "Sequential Equilibria," Econometrica, Econometric Society, pages 863-894.
    2. John Riley & Richard Zeckhauser, 1983. "Optimal Selling Strategies: When to Haggle, When to Hold Firm," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 98(2), pages 267-289.
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    5. Coase, Ronald H, 1972. "Durability and Monopoly," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 143-149, April.
    6. Drew Fudenberg & Jean Tirole, 1983. "Sequential Bargaining with Incomplete Information," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(2), pages 221-247.
    7. Drew Fudenberg & David Levine & Jean Tirole, 1985. "Sequential Bargaining with Many Buyers," Working papers 366, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    8. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1984. "Involuntary Unemployment as a Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(6), pages 1351-1364, November.
    9. Drew Fudenberg & David K. Levine & Jean Tirole, 1985. "Infinite-Horizon Models of Bargaining with One-Sided Incomplete Information," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1098, David K. Levine.
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