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Liquidity traps, capital flows

Author

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  • ACHARYA, Suchant
  • BENGUI, Julien

Abstract

Motivated by debates surrounding international capital flows during the Great Recession, we conduct a positive and normative analysis of capital flows when a region of the global economy experiences a liquidity trap. Capital flows reduce inefficient output fluctuations in this region by inducing exchange rate movements that reallocate expenditure towards the goods it produces. Restricting capital mobility hampers such an adjustment. From a global perspective, constrained efficiency entails subsidizing capital flows to address an aggregate demand externality associated with exchange rate movements. Absent cooperation, however, dynamic terms-of-trade manipulation motives drive countries to inefficiently restrict capital flows, impeding aggregate demand stabilization.

Suggested Citation

  • ACHARYA, Suchant & BENGUI, Julien, 2015. "Liquidity traps, capital flows," Cahiers de recherche 2015-09, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtl:montde:2015-09
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1866/12959
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sushant ACHARYA & Julien BENGUI, 2015. "Liquidity Traps, Capital Flows," Cahiers de recherche 14-2015, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    2. Luca Fornaro & Federica Romei, 2018. "The Paradox of Global Thrift," Working Papers 1039, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    3. Louphou COULIBALY, 2018. "Monetary Policy in Sudden Stop-Prone Economies," Cahiers de recherche 06-2018, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    4. Luca Fornaro & Federica Romei, 2016. "The paradox of global thrift," Economics Working Papers 1609, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2018.
    5. Anton Korinek & Damiano Sandri, 2016. "Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2015 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Gauti B. Eggertsson & Neil R. Mehrotra & Sanjay R. Singh & Lawrence H. Summers, 2016. "A Contagious Malady? Open Economy Dimensions of Secular Stagnation," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 64(4), pages 581-634, November.
    7. Amador, Manuel & Bianchi, Javier & Bocola, Luigi & Perri, Fabrizio, 2016. "Reverse speculative attacks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 125-137.
    8. Luca Fornaro, 2017. "Aggregate Demand Externalities in a Global Liquidity Trap," 2017 Meeting Papers 139, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital flows; International spillovers; Liquidity traps; Uncovered interest parity; Capital flow management; Policy coordination; Optimal monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F38 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Financial Policy: Financial Transactions Tax; Capital Controls
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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