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Gender Differences in Professional Career Dynamics: New Evidence from a Global Law Firm

Author

Listed:
  • Ganguli, Ina

    (University of Massachusetts Amherst)

  • Hausmann, Ricardo

    (Harvard Kennedy School)

  • Viarengo, Martina

    (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva)

Abstract

We examine gender gaps in career dynamics in the legal sector using rich panel data from one of the largest global law firms in the world. The law firm studied is representative of multinational law firms and operates in 23 countries. The sample includes countries at different stages of development. We document the cross-country variation in gender gaps and how these gaps have changed over time. We show that while there is gender parity at the entry level in most countries by the end of the period examined, there are persistent raw gender gaps at the top of the organization across all countries. We observe significant heterogeneity among countries in terms of gender gaps in promotions and wages, but the gaps that exist appear to be declining over the period studied. We also observe that women are more likely to report exiting the firm for family and work-life balance reasons, while men report leaving for career advancement. Finally, we show that various measures of national institutions and culture appear to play a role in the differential labor-market outcomes of men and women.

Suggested Citation

  • Ganguli, Ina & Hausmann, Ricardo & Viarengo, Martina, 2020. "Gender Differences in Professional Career Dynamics: New Evidence from a Global Law Firm," IZA Discussion Papers 13174, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13174
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Aviad Tur-Sinai & Amira Paz & Israel Doron, 2022. "Self-Rated Health and Socioeconomic Status in Old Age: The Role of Gender and the Moderating Effect of Time and Welfare Regime in Europe," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-17, April.
    3. Silva Goncalves, Juliana & van Veldhuizen, Roel, 2020. "Subjective Judgment and Gender Bias in Advice: Evidence from the Laboratory," Working Papers 2020:27, Lund University, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender gaps; human capital; job mobility; promotion; culture; legal sector;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • M51 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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