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Education and gender role attitudes

Author

Listed:
  • Huichao Du

    (Renmin University of China)

  • Yun Xiao

    (University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute)

  • Liqiu Zhao

    (Renmin University of China)

Abstract

This paper examines whether education plays an important role in shaping individuals’ gender role attitudes. We exploit exogenous variation in temporal and geographical impacts of the 1986 Compulsory Education Law in China, which reduced inequality in compulsory school attendance across regions. Using the data from the China General Social Survey, we find that the extra schooling induced by the compulsory schooling reform leads to more egalitarian gender role attitudes. Education’s liberalizing effect is concentrated among females and urban residents. However, education’s impacts on gender-equal behavior are much weaker than impacts on attitudes. Finally, we discuss the potential channels through which education shapes individuals’ gender-role attitudes.

Suggested Citation

  • Huichao Du & Yun Xiao & Liqiu Zhao, 2021. "Education and gender role attitudes," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 475-513, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:34:y:2021:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-020-00793-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-020-00793-3
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Chris Sampson’s journal round-up for 1st February 2021
      by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2021-02-01 12:00:03

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    Cited by:

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    4. Anli Jiang & Zhengxu Wang & Tony Huiquan Zhang, 2022. "Radicalizing and Conservatizing: Ageing Effects on Political Trust in Asia, 2001–2016," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 162(2), pages 665-681, July.
    5. Songtao Yang, 2022. "The effects of compulsory schooling reforms on women’s marriage outcomes—evidence from Britain," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 63(3), pages 1637-1662, September.
    6. Zhao, Yucong & Ye, Bing & Shi, Jinchuan, 2022. "Gender identity, preference, and relative income within households," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    7. Cristina Teresa-Morales & Margarita Rodríguez-Pérez & Miriam Araujo-Hernández & Carmen Feria-Ramírez, 2022. "Current Stereotypes Associated with Nursing and Nursing Professionals: An Integrative Review," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(13), pages 1-24, June.
    8. Deole, Sumit S. & Zeydanli, Tugba, 2021. "Does education predict gender role attitudes?: Evidence from European datasets," GLO Discussion Paper Series 793, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    9. Lee, Sangsoo & Lim, Youngshin, 2022. "The gendered playing field: Family socioeconomic status and national gender inequality in adolescents’ out-of-school physical activity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 305(C).
    10. Wei Si, 2022. "Higher education expansion and gender norms: evidence from China," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 35(4), pages 1821-1858, October.
    11. Cui, Ying & Liu, Hong & Zhao, Liqiu, 2021. "Protective effect of adult children's education on parental survival in China: Gender differences and underlying mechanisms," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 277(C).
    12. Helms, Rochelle & Fukkink, R. & van Driel, K. & Vorst, H.C.M., 2021. "Benefits of an out-of-school time program on social-emotional learning among disadvantaged adolescent youth: A retrospective analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; Gender role attitudes; Compulsory education law; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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