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Early Life Adversity and Children's Competence Development: Evidence from the Mannheim Study of Children at Risk

  • Dorothea Blomeyer

    (Central Institute of Mental Health (ZI), Mannheim)

  • Katja Coneus

    (SAP, Walldorf)

  • Manfred Laucht

    (Central Institute of Mental Health (ZI), Mannheim)

  • Friedhelm Pfeiffer

    ()

    (Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim)

This paper investigates the role of early life adversity and home resources in terms of competence formation and school achievement based on data from an epidemiological cohort study following 364 children from birth to adolescence. Results indicate that organic and psychosocial risks present in early life as well as the socio-emotional home environment are significant predictors for the formation of competencies. Competencies acquired at preschool age predict achievement at school age. A counterfactual analysis is performed to assess trade-offs in the timing of interventions in the early life cycle.

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File URL: http://humcap.uchicago.edu/RePEc/hka/wpaper/Blomeyer_Coneus_etal_2012_early-life-adversity-competence.pdf
File Function: First version, October 15, 2012
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Paper provided by Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group in its series Working Papers with number 2012-020.

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Date of creation: Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hka:wpaper:2012-020
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  1. Laucht, Manfred & Coneus, Katja & Blomeyer, Dorothea & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2008. "Initial Risk Matrix, Home Resources, Ability Development and Children's Achievement," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-100, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Fabian Kosse & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2012. "Impatience among Preschool Children and Their Mothers," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 431, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
  4. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuß, Karsten, 2007. "Age-dependent Skill Formation and Returns to Education," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-015, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Gernandt, Johannes & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2006. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-19 [rev.], ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  6. Susanne Schennach & James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation," 2007 Meeting Papers 973, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Heckman, James J., 2007. "The Economics, Technology and Neuroscience of Human Capability Formation," IZA Discussion Papers 2875, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Eva M. Berger & Frauke H. Peter & C. Katharina Spieß, 2010. "Wie hängen familiäre Veränderungen und das mütterliche Wohlbefinden mit der frühkindlichen Entwicklung zusammen?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(3), pages 27-44.
  9. Janet Currie, 2011. "Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences," NBER Working Papers 16798, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Amarante, Veronica & Manacorda, Marco & Miguel, Edward & Vigorito, Andrea, 2011. "Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data," IZA Discussion Papers 6231, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Heineck, Guido & Anger, Silke, 2010. "The Returns to Cognitive Abilities and Personality Traits in Germany," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 535-546.
  12. Petra E. Todd & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 2003. "On The Specification and Estimation of The Production Function for Cognitive Achievement," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages F3-F33, February.
  13. Björn Bartling & Ernst Fehr & Barbara Fische & Fabian Kosse & Michel Maréchal & Friedhelm Pfeiffer & Daniel Schunk & Jürgen Schupp & C. Katharina Spieß & Gert G. Wagner, 2010. "Determinanten kindlicher Geduld – Ergebnisse einer Experimentalstudie im Haushaltskontext," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 130(3), pages 297-323.
  14. Alexander M. Gelber & Adam Isen, 2011. "Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study," NBER Working Papers 17704, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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