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Ungleichheit und die differentiellen Erträge frühkindlicher Bildungsinvestitionen im Lebenszyklus

  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm
  • Reuß, Karsten

Um Hinweise für die Erträge von Investitionen in die Fähigkeiten von Kindern im Vorschulalter geben zu können, möchten wir in diesem Beitrag die Ergebnisse von Simulationen zur Diskussion stellen. Der Humankapitalerwerb wird als Funktion von kognitiven und nichtkognitiven Fähigkeiten modelliert, wobei die frühe Ungleichheit und die daraus resultierende Heterogenität der Erträge zusätzlicher Bildungsinvestitionen im Vordergrund stehen. Aufgrund des Fähigkeitenmultiplikators der frühen Kindheit übersteigen die zu erwartenden Erträge von Investitionen, die im richtigen Umfang und zur rechten Zeit getätigt werden, im Lebenszyklus die Kosten um ein Vielfaches. Die Abschätzungen deuten darauf hin, dass die ertragreichste Politik zur Steigerung des Humankapitals und zur Reduktion von Ungleichheit eine effiziente Familienpolitik ist.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 08-001.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:7098
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  16. Eric Knudsen & James J. Heckman & Judy Cameron & Jack P. Shonkoff, 2006. "Economic, Neurobiological and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America’s Future Workforce," World Economics, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 7(3), pages 17-41, July.
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