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Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei bedarfsgerechtem Ausbau frühkindlicher Kindertagesbetreuung: eine Mikrosimulationsstudie

Author

Listed:
  • Denis Beninger
  • Holger Bonin
  • Julia Horstschräer
  • Grit Mühler

Abstract

Der Beitrag evaluiert die Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei gleichzeitigem Ausbau der öffentlich geförderten Tagesbetreuung für Kinder im Alter von 13 bis 36 Monaten. Wir schätzen mit SOEP-Daten und unter Berücksichtigung partiell beobachtbarer Rationierungen im Betreuungsbereich ein strukturelles Modell, in dem Eltern simultan über den Umfang des Arbeitsangebots, den Umfang externer Betreuung und die Intensität der Kinderbetreuung in der Familie entscheiden. Simulationen auf Grundlage der geschätzten Modellparameter ergeben, dass ein Betreuungsgeld das Arbeitsangebot und die Nachfrage nach externen Betreuungsangeboten spürbar verringert. Für sich betrachtet wirkt der Ausbau der Kindertagesbetreuung bei beiden Zielgrößen in die umgekehrte Richtung. Im Gesamteffekt beider Maßnahmen fallen sowohl das Arbeitsangebot als auch die Inanspruchnahme von Betreuung außerhalb der Familie. Zwar verbessert sich die Einkommensposition bildungsferner Familien, ein Betreuungsgeld behindert bei dieser Gruppe aber die Nutzung externer frühkindlicher Bildungsangebote.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Beninger & Holger Bonin & Julia Horstschräer & Grit Mühler, 2010. "Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei bedarfsgerechtem Ausbau frühkindlicher Kindertagesbetreuung: eine Mikrosimulationsstudie," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 316, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp316
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    1. repec:oup:cesifo:v:62:y:2016:i:4:p:672-698. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bechara, Peggy & Beimann, Boris & Kambeck, Rainer & Schaffner, Sandra & von den Driesch, Ellen, 2013. "Gutachten zur Reform des Ehegattensplittings," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 111424, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Behavioral microsimulation; day care; family policy; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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