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Die individuellen Kosten des Erziehungsurlaubs: Eine empirische Analyse der kurz- und längerfristigen Folgen für den Karriereverlauf von Frauen

  • Ziefle, Andrea
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    Die Studie untersucht den Einfluss des Erziehungsurlaubs auf den weiteren Einkommensverlauf von Frauen mit Kindern. Der empirischen Analyse liegen Karriereverlaufsdaten des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels für die Jahre 1984-1999 zugrunde, die durch Fixed-Effects-Regressionsmodelle analysiert werden. Danach verringern sich mit zunehmender Dauer des Erziehungsurlaubs die weiteren Karrierechancen von Frauen. Dieser Effekt kann durch die Rückkehr zum früheren Arbeitgeber nur teilweise wieder aufgehoben werden. Darüber hinaus zeigen die Ergebnisse, dass die Auswirkungen des Erziehungsurlaubs kumulativ sind und die negativen Folgen sich nicht direkt beim Wiedereinstieg in den Beruf, sondern vor allem in mittel- und längerfristig geringeren Karrierechancen von Müttern auswirken.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/43984/1/385727410.pdf
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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number SP I 2004-102.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2004102
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    1. Yoshio Higuchi & Jane Waldfogel & Masahiro Abe, 1999. "Family leave policies and women's retention after childbirth: Evidence from the United States, Britain, and Japan," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 523-545.
    2. Christopher J. Ruhm, 1996. "The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe," NBER Working Papers 5688, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. C. Katharina Spiess & Jan Ondrich & Qing Yang, 1996. "Barefoot and in a German kitchen: Federal parental leave and benefit policy and the return to work after childbirth in Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 247-266.
    4. Jane Waldfogel, 1998. "Understanding the "Family Gap" in Pay for Women with Children," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(1), pages 137-156, Winter.
    5. Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
    6. James W. Albrecht & Per-Anders Edin & Marianne Sundström & Susan B. Vroman, 1999. "Career Interruptions and Subsequent Earnings: A Reexamination Using Swedish Data," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(2), pages 294-311.
    7. Waldfogel, Jane, 1998. "The Family Gap for Young Women in the United States and Britain: Can Maternity Leave Make a Difference?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 505-45, July.
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