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The Family Gap for Young Women in the United States and Britain: Can Maternity Leave Make a Difference?

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  • Waldfogel, Jane
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    In the United States and Britain, there is a 'family gap' between the wages of mothers and other women. Differential returns to marital and parental status explain 40-50 percent of the gender gap. Another 30-40 percent is explained by women's lower levels of work experience and lower returns to experience. Taking advantage of 'quasi experiments' in job-protected maternity leave in the United States and Britain, this article finds that women who had leave coverage and returned to work after childbirth received a wage premium that offset the negative wage effects of children. Copyright 1998 by University of Chicago Press.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/209897
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    Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

    Volume (Year): 16 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 505-545

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    Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:16:y:1998:i:3:p:505-45
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    9. Ruhm, Christopher J, 1991. "Are Workers Permanently Scarred by Job Displacements?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 319-324, March.
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    12. Wright, Robert E & Ermisch, John F, 1991. "Gender Discrimination in the British Labour Market: A Reassessment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(406), pages 508-522, May.
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