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Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei bedarfsgerechtem Ausbau frühkindlicher Kindertagesbetreuung: eine Mikrosimulationsstudie

  • Denis Beninger
  • Holger Bonin
  • Julia Horstschräer
  • Grit Mühler

Our paper analyzes the impact of the introduction of a home care allowance for children between 13 and 36 months of age and explicitly takes the expansion of publicly funded day care into account. We use the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to estimate a structural model in which parents decide simultaneously about labor supply, usage of external day care and their time spent for child care within the family. The model also allows for possible rationing of the parents with respect to day care places. Simulations using the estimated model parameters show that a home care allowance reduces labor supply and the usage of external day care. Solely increasing supply of publicly funded day care in contrast yields opposite results. When we consider the introduction of a home care allowance and the expansion of publicly funded day care combined, we observe in total a reduction in labor supply and day care usage. A home care allowance in fact increases the household income especially for poorly educated families, but at the same time discourages these parents to use external day care which can be important for early education. Der Beitrag evaluiert die Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei gleichzeitigem Ausbau der öffentlich geförderten Tagesbetreuung für Kinder im Alter von 13 bis 36 Monaten. Wir schatzen mit SOEP-Daten und unter Berücksichtigung partiell beobachtbarer Rationierungen im Betreuungsbereich ein strukturelles Modell, in dem Eltern simultan über den Umfang des Arbeitsangebots, den Umfang externer Betreuung und die Intensität der Kinderbetreuung in der Familie entscheiden. Simulationen auf Grundlage der geschätzten Modellparameter ergeben, dass ein Betreuungsgeld das Arbeitsangebot und die Nachfrage nach externen Betreuungsangeboten spürbar verringert. Für sich betrachtet wirkt der Ausbau der Kindertagesbetreuung bei beiden Zielgrößen in die umgekehrte Richtung. Im Gesamteffekt beider Maßnahmen fallen sowohl das Arbeitsangebot als auch die Inanspruchnahme von Betreuung außerhalb der Familie. Zwar verbessert sich die Einkommensposition bildungsferner Familien, ein Betreuungsgeld behindert bei dieser Gruppe aber die Nutzung externer frühkindlicher Bildungsangebote.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.79.3.147
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 79 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 147-168

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-3-10
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  1. Spiess, C. Katharina & Büchel, Felix & Wagner, Gert G., 2003. "Children's School Placement in Germany: Does Kindergarten Attendance Matter?," IZA Discussion Papers 722, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  8. Bergs, Christian & Fuest, Clemens & Peichl, Andreas & Schaefer, Thilo, 2006. "Das Familienrealsplitting als Reformoption der Familienbesteuerung," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 86(10), pages 639-644.
  9. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuß, Karsten, 2008. "Ungleichheit und die differentiellen Erträge frühkindlicher Bildungsinvestitionen im Lebenszyklus," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-001, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  10. Richard Blundell & Mike Brewer & Peter Haan & Andrew Shephard, 2009. "Optimal Income Taxation of Lone Mothers: An Empirical Comparison of the UK and Germany," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(535), pages F101-F121, 02.
  11. Ziefle, Andrea, 2004. "Die individuellen Kosten des Erziehungsurlaubs: Eine empirische Analyse der kurz- und längerfristigen Folgen für den Karriereverlauf von Frauen," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2004-102, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  12. Bonin, Holger & Kempe, Wolfram & Schneider, Hilmar, 2002. "Household Labor Supply Effects of Low-Wage Subsidies in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 637, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Laisney, François & Beninger, Denis & Beblo, Miriam, 2003. "Family Tax Splitting: A Microsimulation of its Potential Labour Supply and Intra-household Welfare Effects in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-32, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  14. Poirier, Dale J., 1980. "Partial observability in bivariate probit models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 209-217, February.
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