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Labor market effects of intrauterine exposure to nutritional deficiency: Evidence from administrative data on Muslim immigrants in Denmark

Listed author(s):
  • Schultz-Nielsen, Marie Louise
  • Tekin, Erdal
  • Greve, Jane

This paper examines whether nutritional disruptions experienced during the stage of fetal development impair an individual's labor market productivity later in life. We consider intrauterine exposure to the month of Ramadan as a natural experiment that might cause shocks to the inflow of nutrients essential for fetal development. Specifically, we use administrative data from Denmark to investigate the impact of exposure to Ramadan in utero on labor market outcomes of adult Muslim males, including employment status, annual salary, hourly wage rate, and hours of work. Our findings indicate that potential exposure to nutritional disruptions during a critical stage of fetal development is likely to have scarring effects on the fetus expressed as poor labor market outcomes later in life. Specifically, exposure to Ramadan around the 7th month of gestation results in a lower likelihood of employment and, to a lesser extent, a lower salary, and reduced labor supply. For example, the 7th month intrauterine exposure to Ramadan is associated with a 2.6 percentage points reduction in the likelihood of employment among Muslim males. We do not find an impact on the wage rate. Finally, we also document suggestive evidence that these results may partially be driven by increased disability and to a lesser extent by poor educational attainment among those who were exposed to Ramadan during this particular period in utero.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570677X1630003X
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics & Human Biology.

Volume (Year): 21 (2016)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 196-209

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ehbiol:v:21:y:2016:i:c:p:196-209
DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2016.02.002
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622964

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