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Wie hängen familiäre Veränderungen und das mütterliche Wohlbefinden mit der frühkindlichen Entwicklung zusammen?

Listed author(s):
  • Eva M. Berger
  • Frauke H. Peter
  • C. Katharina Spieß

Research in educational economics has shown that parental quality explains a large proportion of the variance in early childhood development. This paper uses the representative SOEP data to study the connection between early childhood development and objective as well as subjective indicators reflecting the quality of the parental environment. As objective indicators for the quality of the family environment, we use changes in the family structure and in the mother's employment status, and as subjective indicators the mother's life satisfaction and mental health. The results show lower scale values for the adaptive behavior of children whose mothers were not employed continuously after giving birth. Children of mothers who changed partners several times display more problematic socio-emotional behavior. A mother's subjective wellbeing is positively correlated with both her children's adaptive behavior (especially language skills) and their socio-emotional behavior. Our results therefore provide important evidence that early childhood interventions should always address not just the quality of the institutional framework, but crucially also the quality of the family environment. Aus der bildungsökonomischen Forschung ist bekannt, dass die Qualität des familialen Settings einen bedeutenden Teil der Varianz in der frühkindlichen Entwicklung erklärt. Dieser Beitrag untersucht auf der Basis der repräsentativen SOEP-Daten den Zusammenhang zwischen frühkindlichen Entwicklungsmaßen und objektiven sowie subjektiven Indikatoren zur Abbildung der Qualität des familialen Umfelds. Als objektive Indikatoren für die Qualität des familialen Settings werden Veränderungen in der Familienstruktur und im Erwerbsstatus der Mutter, als subjektive Indikatoren die Lebenszufriedenheit und die mentale Gesundheit der Mutter verwendet. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass das adaptive Verhalten von Kindern, deren Mutter seit der Geburt kontinuierlich nicht erwerbstätig waren, geringere Skalenwerte aufweist. Kinder von Muttern mit mehreren Partnerwechseln weisen ein problematischeres sozio-emotionales Verhalten auf. Das subjektive Wohlbefinden einer Mutter ist sowohl mit dem adaptiven Verhalten (insbesondere sprachlichen Fähigkeiten) als auch dem sozio-emotionalen Verhalten von Kindern positiv korreliert. Damit geben unsere Ergebnisse wichtige Hinweise darauf, dass frühkindliche Interventionen sowie Bildungs- und Betreuungseinrichtungen neben der Qualität des institutionellen Settings immer auch die Qualität des familialen Settings im Blick haben sollten.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/DH/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.79.3.27
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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 79 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 27-44

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-3-3
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  1. Marco Francesconi & Stephen Jenkins & Thomas Siedler, 2010. "Childhood family structure and schooling outcomes: evidence for Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(3), pages 1073-1103, June.
  2. Nicole Schmiade & C. Katharina Spieß & Wolfgang Tietze, 2008. "Zur Erhebung des adaptiven Verhaltens von zwei- und dreijährigen Kindern im Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP)," Data Documentation 35, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Flavio Cunha & James J. Heckman, 2009. "The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human DEvelopment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(2-3), pages 320-364, 04-05.
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  5. Mari Rege & Kjetil Telle & Mark Votruba, 2011. "Parental Job Loss and Children's School Performance," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 78(4), pages 1462-1489.
  6. Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz, 2009. "Family Structure Changes and Children´s Health, Behavior, and Educational Outcomes," Working Papers 09-15, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
  7. Susanne James-Burdumy, 2005. "The Effect of Maternal Labor Force Participation on Child Development," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 23(1), pages 177-211, January.
  8. Mahler, Philippe & Winkelmann, Rainer, 2004. "Single Motherhood and (Un)Equal Educational Opportunities: Evidence for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 1391, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Francesconi, Marco & Rainer, Helmut & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 2008. "Unintended Consequences of Welfare Reform: The Case of Divorced Parents," IZA Discussion Papers 3891, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. John F. Ermisch & Marco Francesconi, 2001. "Family structure and children's achievements," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 249-270.
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