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Price and Network Dynamics in the European Carbon Market

Author

Listed:
  • Andreas Karpf

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Antoine Mandel

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Stefano Battiston

    (Department of Banking and Finance - UZH - University of Zürich [Zürich])

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the European Emission Trading System as a transaction network. It is shown that, given the lack of a centralized market place, industrial actors had to resort to local connections and financial intermediaries to participate in the market. This gave rise to a hierarchical structure in the transaction network. To empirically relate networks statistics to market outcomes a PLS-PM modeling technique is introduced. It is shown that the asymmetries in the network induced market inefficiencies (e.g. increased bid-ask spread). Albeit the efficiency of the market has improved from the beginning of Phase II, the asymmetry persists, imposing unnecessary additional costs on agents and reducing the effectiveness of the market as a mitigation instrument.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Karpf & Antoine Mandel & Stefano Battiston, 2017. "Price and Network Dynamics in the European Carbon Market," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01484117, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-01484117
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01484117
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tim Laing & Misato Sato & Michael Grubb & Claudia Comberti, 2013. "Assessing the effectiveness of the EU Emissions Trading System," GRI Working Papers 106, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
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    Keywords

    Carbon market; network; climate economics; réseaux; Marché du carbone; économie du climat;

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