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Price and network dynamics in the European carbon market

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  • Andreas Karpf

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Antoine Mandel

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Stefano Battiston

    () (CAMS - Centre d'Analyse et de Mathématique sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the European Emission Trading System as a transaction network. It is shown that, given the lack of well-identified trading institutions, industrial actors had to resort to local connections and financial intermediaries to participate in the market. This gave rise to a hierarchical structure in the transaction network. It is then shown that the asymmetries in the network induced market inefficiencies (e.g., increased bid-ask spread) and informational asymmetries, that have been exploited by central agents at the expense of less central ones. Albeit the efficiency of the market has improved from the beginning of Phase II, the asymmetry persists, imposing unnecessary additional costs on agents and reducing the effectiveness of the market as a mitigation instrument.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Karpf & Antoine Mandel & Stefano Battiston, 2018. "Price and network dynamics in the European carbon market," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01905985, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-01905985
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01905985
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Network; Carbon market; Climate change; Microstructure;

    JEL classification:

    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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