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Entrepreneurship and State Taxation

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  • E. Mark Curtis
  • Ryan Decker

Abstract

Entrepreneurship plays a vital role in the economy, yet there exists little well-identified research into the effects of taxes on startup activity. Using recently developed county-level data on startups, we examine the effect of states' corporate, personal and sales tax rates on new firm activity and test for cross-border spillovers in response to these policies. We find that new firm employment is negatively—and disproportionately—affected by corporate tax rates. We find little evidence of an effect of personal and sales taxes on entrepreneurial outcomes. Our results are robust to changes in the tax base and other state-level policies.

Suggested Citation

  • E. Mark Curtis & Ryan Decker, 2018. "Entrepreneurship and State Taxation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-003, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2018-03
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2018.003
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    File URL: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/feds/files/2018003pap.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Suresh Nallareddy & Ethan Rouen & Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato, 2018. "Corporate Tax Cuts Increase Income Inequality," NBER Working Papers 24598, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor supply and demand ; Entrepreneurship ; Firm dynamics ; Taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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