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Corporate Income Tax, Legal Form of Organization, and Employment

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  • Don Schlagenhauf

    (Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis)

Abstract

A dynamic stochastic occupational choice model with heterogeneous agents is developed to evaluate the impact of a corporate income tax reduction on employment. In this framework, the key margin is the endogenous entrepreneurial choice of legal form of organization. A reduction in the corporate income tax burden encourages adoption of the C corporporation legal form, which reduces capital constraints on firms. Improved capital re-allocation increases overall productive efficiency in the economy and therefore expands the labor market. Relative to the benchmark economy, a corporate income tax cut can reduce the non-employment rate by up to 7 percent.

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  • Don Schlagenhauf, 2018. "Corporate Income Tax, Legal Form of Organization, and Employment," 2018 Meeting Papers 334, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed018:334
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    Cited by:

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    2. Lejour, Arjan & Massenz, Gabriella, 2020. "Income Shifting and Organizational Form Choice : Evidence from Europe," Other publications TiSEM 3138edef-d645-4113-9981-3, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    3. Alexis Anagnostopoulos & Orhan Erem Atesagaoglu & Eva Cárceles‐Poveda, 2022. "Financing corporate tax cuts with shareholder taxes," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 13(1), pages 315-354, January.
    4. Sumudu Kankanamge & Alexandre Gaillard, 2019. "Entrepreneurship, Inter-Generational Business Transmission and Aging," 2019 Meeting Papers 1503, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Alexis Anagnostopoulos & Orhan Erem Atesagaoglu & Eva Carceles-Poveda, 2014. "On the Double Taxation of Corporate Profits," Department of Economics Working Papers 14-03, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    6. Julian Neira & Rish Singhania, 2022. "The role of corporate taxes in the decline of the startup rate," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 60(3), pages 1277-1295, July.
    7. Benjamin Pugsley & Sebastian Dyrda, 2017. "Taxes, Regulations of Businesses and Evolution of Income Inequality in the US," 2017 Meeting Papers 1463, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. Li, Bing & Liu, Chang & Sun, Stephen Teng, 2021. "Do corporate income tax cuts decrease labor share? Regression discontinuity evidence from China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
    9. Teegawende Zeida, . "The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA): A Quantitative Evaluation of Key Provisions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Chung Tran & Sebastian Wende, 2022. "Dividend Imputation, Investment and Capital Accumulation in Open Economies," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2022-687, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
    11. Beatriz González, 2020. "Macroeconomics, firm dynamics and IPOs," Working Papers 2030, Banco de España.
    12. E. Mark Curtis & Ryan A. Decker, 2018. "Entrepreneurship and State Taxation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-003, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    13. Don schlagenhauf, 2019. "The Kansas Tax Experiment: The Matter of Legal Form of Organization," 2019 Meeting Papers 392, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Qi, Shi & Schlagenhauf, Don, 2021. "The Kansas tax experiment: The matter of legal form of organization," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    15. Francesco Furno, 2021. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Corporate Tax Reforms," Papers 2111.12799, arXiv.org.
    16. Antonio Estache & Beni Kouevi Gath, 2019. "Corporate Income Taxes and (Un-)Employment in the OECD," Working Papers ECARES 2019-11, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    17. Bing Xu & Lili Li & Yan Liang & Mohib Ur Rahman, 2019. "Measuring Risk Allocation of Tax Burden for Small and Micro Enterprises," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(3), pages 1-20, January.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C54 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Quantitative Policy Modeling
    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • E69 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Other
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm

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