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Bank Linkages and International Trade

Author

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  • Hale, Galina

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco)

  • Candelaria, Christopher

    (Stanford University)

  • Caballero, Julian

    (IADB)

  • Borisov, Sergey

Abstract

We show that bank linkages have a positive effect on international trade. We construct the global banking network (GBN) at the bank level, using individual syndicated loan data from Loan Analytics for 1990-2007. We compute network distance between bank pairs and aggregate it to country pairs as a measure of bank linkages between countries. We use data on bilateral trade from IMF DOTS as the subject of our analysis and data on bilateral bank lending from BIS locational data to control for financial integration and financial flows. Using gravity approach to modeling trade with country-pair and year fixed effects, we find that new connections between banks in a given country-pair lead to an increase in trade flow in the following year, even after controlling for the stock and flow of bank lending between the two countries. We conjecture that the mechanism for this effect is that bank linkages reduce the risk exporters face and present four sets of results that supports this conjecture.

Suggested Citation

  • Hale, Galina & Candelaria, Christopher & Caballero, Julian & Borisov, Sergey, 2013. "Bank Linkages and International Trade," Working Paper Series 2013-14, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, revised 11 Feb 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfwp:2013-14
    DOI: 10.24148/wp2013-14
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    File URL: http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2013-14.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Claessens, Stijn & Hassib, Omar & Van Horen, Neeltje, 2017. "The Role of Foreign Banks in Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 11821, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Niepmann, Friederike & Schmidt-Eisenlohr, Tim, 2017. "International trade, risk and the role of banks," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 111-126.
    3. Niepmann, Friederike & Schmidt-Eisenlohr, Tim, 2017. "No guarantees, no trade: How banks affect export patterns," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 338-350.
    4. Makoto Nirei & Vladyslav Sushko & Julián Caballero, 2016. "Bank Capital Shock Propagation via Syndicated Interconnectedness," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 47(1), pages 67-96, January.
    5. Makoto Nirei & Vladyslav Sushko & Julián Caballero, 2016. "Bank Capital Shock Propagation via Syndicated Interconnectedness," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 47(1), pages 67-96, January.
    6. Bastos, Paulo & Silva, Joana, 2012. "Networks, firms, and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 352-364.
    7. Rina Bhattacharya & Pranav Gupta & Xingwei Hu & Peter Pedroni, 2018. "How do Structural Features Affect Corporate Exposures to Macro-financial Shocks in Open Economies?," Department of Economics Working Papers 2018-10, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    8. Steven Poelhekke, 2016. "Financial globalization and foreign direct investment," DNB Working Papers 527, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    9. Cabrillac, Bruno & Al-Haschimi, Alexander & Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana & Borin, Alessandro & Bussière, Matthieu & Cezar, Raphael & Derviz, Alexis & Dimitropoulou, Dimitra & Ferrara, Laurent & Gächter, 2016. "Understanding the weakness in global trade - What is the new normal?," Occasional Paper Series 178, European Central Bank.
    10. Caballero, Julian, 2015. "Banking crises and financial integration: Insights from networks science," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 127-146.

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    Keywords

    Monetary; policy;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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