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Impact of Foreign Banks

Author

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  • Stijn Claessens
  • Neeltje van Horen

Abstract

This paper provides a critical assessment of the costs and benefits of foreign bank ownership. It reviews the extensive literature on the impact of foreign banks and uses a unique database on bank ownership, covering 129 countries, to (re-)examine a number of the issues discussed. It documents (changes in) foreign bank presence between 1995 and 2009, highlighting important differences across host and home countries and strong bilateral patterns. It finds that foreign banks tend to outperform domestic banks in developing countries, countries with weak institutions and where foreign banks do not play a major role. In addition, being from a geographically close home country increases the profitability of foreign banks. In terms of impact, it shows that foreign banks can deter domestic financial sector development in developing countries, countries with weak institutions and where foreign banks play a minor role. Examining the impact of foreign banks on financial stability, it finds that during the global crisis, foreign banks reduced credit more compared to domestic banks in countries where they had a small role, but not when dominant or funded locally. These findings show that, when analyzing the impact of foreign bank presence accounting for heterogeneity, including bilateral ownership, is crucial.

Suggested Citation

  • Stijn Claessens & Neeltje van Horen, 2013. "Impact of Foreign Banks," DNB Working Papers 370, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:370
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Anginer, Deniz & Cerutti, Eugenio & Martínez Pería, María Soledad, 2017. "Foreign bank subsidiaries' default risk during the global crisis: What factors help insulate affiliates from their parents?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 19-31.
    2. Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Julian di Giovanni & Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Jose-Luis Peydro & Mehmet Fatih Ulu, 2016. "Capital flows, credit cycles and macroprudential policy," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy, volume 86, pages 63-68 Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Stijn Claessens, 2017. "Global Banking: Recent Developments and Insights from Research," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(4), pages 1513-1555.
    4. Frey, Rainer & Kerl, Cornelia, 2015. "Multinational banks in the crisis: Foreign affiliate lending as a mirror of funding pressure and competition on the internal capital market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 52-68.
    5. Baskaya, Yusuf Soner & di Giovanni, Julian & Kalemli-Özcan, Şebnem & Peydro, José-Luis & Ulu, Mehmet Fatih, 2017. "Capital flows and the international credit channel," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(S1), pages 15-22.
    6. Kleymenova, Anya & Rose, Andrew K. & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "Does government intervention affect banking globalization?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 146-161.
    7. Feyen, Erik & Letelier, Raquel & Love, Inessa & Maimbo, Samuel Munzele & Rocha, Roberto, 2014. "The impact of funding models and foreign bank ownership on bank credit growth : is Central and Eastern Europe different ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6783, The World Bank.
    8. Lepetit, Laetitia & Saghi-Zedek, Nadia & Tarazi, Amine, 2015. "Excess control rights, bank capital structure adjustments, and lending," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 574-591.
    9. Beirne, John & Friedrich, Christian, 2017. "Macroprudential policies, capital flows, and the structure of the banking sector," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 47-68.
    10. Stijn Claessens & Neeltje van Horen, 2015. "The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Banking Globalization," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 63(4), pages 868-918, November.
    11. Milos Markovic & Michael A. Stemmer, 2017. "Firm Growth Dynamics and Financial Constraints: Evidence from Serbian Firms," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 17012, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    12. Nakhoda, Aadil, 2013. "Bank competition and export diversification," MPRA Paper 50774, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Erik Feyen, 2016. "Financial Crisis Transmission: Foreign Ownership vs. Foreign Funding?," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 6, pages 63-80, November.
    14. Adalbert Winkler, 2014. "Finance, growth and crisis: a European perspective," Chapters,in: Financial Cycles and the Real Economy, chapter 12, pages 199-216 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Ongena, Steven & Tümer-Alkan, Günseli & von Westernhagen, Natalja, 2015. "Do exposures to sagging real estate, subprime or conduits abroad lead to contraction and flight to quality in bank lending at home?," Discussion Papers 09/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    16. Leon, Florian, 2015. "Does bank competition alleviate credit constraints in developing countries?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 130-142.
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    18. Carvallo Valencia, Oscar Alfonso & Ortiz Bolaños, Alberto, 2018. "Bank capital buffers around the world: Cyclical patterns and the effect of market power," MPRA Paper 84617, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Gulamhussen, Mohamed Azzim & Hennart, Jean-François & Pinheiro, Carlos Manuel, 2016. "What drives cross-border M&As in commercial banking?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(S), pages 6-18.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign direct investment; international banking; distance;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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