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Agriculture's Supply and Demand for Energy and Energy Products


  • Beckman, Jayson F.
  • Borchers, Allison
  • Jones, Carol


Rising energy prices and changing energy and environmental policies have transformed the relationship between the energy and agriculture sectors. Traditionally, the relationship has been one-way, with agriculture using energy products as an input in production; during the past decade, however, the energy sector’s use of agricultural products as renewable-fuel feedstocks has increased substantially. This report examines both sector and farm-level responses to changing market and policy drivers such as the increased production of biofuel crops and other sources of renewable energy, together with changes in production practices to economize on energy-based inputs like fertilizer. We provide insight into how farmers have adapted to the changes and update and provide new data on the evolving linkages between the energy and agricultural sectors.

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  • Beckman, Jayson F. & Borchers, Allison & Jones, Carol, 2013. "Agriculture's Supply and Demand for Energy and Energy Products," Economic Information Bulletin 149033, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersib:149033
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.149033

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bruce A. Babcock, 2008. "Distributional Implications of U.S. Ethanol Policy ," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 30(3), pages 533-542.
    2. Horowitz, John K. & Ebel, Robert M. & Ueda, Kohei, 2010. ""No-Till" Farming Is a Growing Practice," Economic Information Bulletin 96636, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    3. Jayson Beckman & R. Keeney & W. Tyner, 2011. "Feed demands and coproduct substitution in the biofuel era," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 1-18, Winter.
    4. Trostle, Ronald, 2008. "Factors Contributing to Recent Increases in Food Commodity Prices (PowerPoint)," Seminars 43902, USDA Economists Group.
    5. Beckman, Jayson F. & Livingston, Michael J., 2012. "Effects of Manure Use and Use Restrictions on Variable Production Costs and Net Incomes for U.S. Corn Producers," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 44(1), pages 1-15, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jeremy G. Weber & Nigel Key & Erik O’Donoghue, 2016. "Does Federal Crop Insurance Make Environmental Externalities from Agriculture Worse?," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(3), pages 707-742.
    2. Kuralbayeva, Karlygash, 2018. "Unemployment, rural-urban migration and environmental regulation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 76561, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Watkins, K. Bradley & Henry, Christopher G. & Mazzanti, Ralph & Schmidt, Lance & Hardke, Jarrod T., 2014. "Non-Radial Technical Efficiency of Water and Nitrogen Usage in Arkansas Rice Production," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162593, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    4. Dong Hee Suh, 2015. "Declining Energy Intensity in the U.S. Agricultural Sector: Implications for Factor Substitution and Technological Change," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(10), pages 1-14, September.
    5. Patrizia Ghisellini & Marco Setti & Sergio Ulgiati, 2016. "Energy and land use in worldwide agriculture: an application of life cycle energy and cluster analysis," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 799-837, June.
    6. Tiffany L. Fess & Vagner A. Benedito, 2018. "Organic versus Conventional Cropping Sustainability: A Comparative System Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-42, January.
    7. Barbaglia, Luca & Croux, Christophe & Wilms, Ines, 2020. "Volatility spillovers in commodity markets: A large t-vector autoregressive approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C).
    8. Hoffman, Eric & Cavigelli, Michel A. & Camargo, Gustavo & Ryan, Matthew & Ackroyd, Victoria J. & Richard, Tom L. & Mirsky, Steven, 2018. "Energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in organic and conventional grain crop production: Accounting for nutrient inflows," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 89-96.
    9. Paudel, Jayash & Crago, Christine L., 2018. "Fertilizer Use and Water Quality in the United States," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 274312, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Sanyal, Prabuddha & Malczynski, Leonard A. & Kaplan, Paul, 2015. "Impact of Energy Price Variability on Global Fertilizer Price: Application of Alternative Volatility Models," Sustainable Agriculture Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 4(4).
    11. GianCarlo Moschini & Harvey Lapan & Hyunseok Kim, 2017. "The Renewable Fuel Standard in Competitive Equilibrium: Market and Welfare Effects," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 99(5), pages 1117-1142.
    12. Christopher Shultz & Randall W. Jackson, 2014. "Water Valuation Research - Annotated Bibliography," Working Papers Resource Document 2014-01, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
    13. Nigatu, Getachew & Hjort, Kim & Hansen, James & Somwaru, Agapi, 2014. "The Impacts of Energy Prices on Global Agricultural Commodity Supply," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 169953, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    14. Elena Irwin & Joseph Campbell & Robyn Wilson & Alessandra Faggian & Richard Moore & Nicholas Irwin, 2016. "Human adaptations in food, energy, and water systems," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Springer;Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences, vol. 6(1), pages 127-139, March.

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    Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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