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Business Cycles in the Euro Area

In: Europe and the Euro

  • Domenico Giannone
  • Michele Lenza
  • Lucrezia Reichlin

This paper shows that the EMU has not affected historical characteristics of member countries’ business cycles and their cross-correlations. Member countries which had similar levels of GDP percapita in the seventies have also experienced similar business cycles since then and no significant change associated with the EMU can be detected. For the other countries, volatility has been historically higher and this has not changed in the last ten years. We also find that the aggregate euro area per-capita GDP growth since 1999 has been lower than what could have been predicted on the basis of historical experience and US observed developments. The gap between US and euro area GDP per capita level has been 30% on average since 1970 and there is no sign of catching up or of further widening.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Alberto Alesina & Francesco Giavazzi, 2010. "Europe and the Euro," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number ales08-1, September.
  • This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 11669.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:11669
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