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Can the Balassa-Samuelson theory explain long-run real exchange rate movements in OECD countries?

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  • Imed Drine
  • Christophe Rault

Abstract

This study tests empirically the Balassa-Samuelson (BS) hypothesis using annual data for 12 OECD countries. New panel data cointegration techniques recently developed by Pedroni (2000) are applied and the results are compared with those obtained with conventional Johansen (1995)'s time series cointegration tests. Whereas standard time series approach turns out to be unable to put in evidence a significant long-run relationship is largely accepted for all countries using recent advances in the econometrics of non-stationary dynamic panels methods. This result doesn't mean however that the BS is uniformly supported by data for all OECD countries, since actually four of them (Australia, Belgium, Canada and the USA) are proved not to follow the BS path. Closer examinations of the three key components of the BS hypothesis enable one to identify clearly the causes of this empirical failure. It is found that the absence of a positive long-run relationship between real exchange rate and the relative prices of non-traded goods is the reason for this rejections. A possible explanation is that the PPP may not be confirmed for tradable goods in these countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Imed Drine & Christophe Rault, 2005. "Can the Balassa-Samuelson theory explain long-run real exchange rate movements in OECD countries?," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(8), pages 519-530.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:15:y:2005:i:8:p:519-530
    DOI: 10.1080/09603100500039623
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Heather Gibson & Jim Malley, 2008. "The Contribution of Sectoral Productivity Differentials to Inflation in Greece," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 19(5), pages 629-650, November.
    3. Rod Tyers & Ying Zhang, 2011. "Appreciating the Renminbi," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 265-297, February.
    4. Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi & Ben Youssef, Adel & M'henni, Hatem & Rault, Christophe, 2012. "Energy consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in Middle East and North African countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 342-349.
    5. Rod Tyers & Ying Zhang, 2014. "Real exchange rate determination and the China puzzle," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 28(2), pages 1-32, November.
    6. Taya Dumrongrittikul & Heather Anderson & Farshid Vahid, 2014. "The Effects of Productivity Gains in Asian Emerging Economies: A Global Perspective," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 23/14, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    7. Wang, Weiguo & Xue, Jing & Du, Chonghua, 2016. "The Balassa–Samuelson hypothesis in the developed and developing countries revisited," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 33-38.
    8. Daan Steenkamp, 2013. "Productivity and the New Zealand Dollar: Balassa-Samuelson tests on sectoral data," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Analytical Notes series AN2013/01, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
    9. Peltonen, Tuomas & Sager, Michael, 2009. "Productivity shocks and real exchange rate: a reappraisal," Working Paper Series 1046, European Central Bank.
    10. Tyers, Rod & Golley, Jane, 2008. "China’s Real Exchange Rate Puzzle," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 23, pages 547-574.
    11. Rod Tyers & Jane Golley, 2007. "China’s Real Exchange Rate," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2007-479, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.

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