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Beschäftigungseffekte von Arbeitszeitverkürzung

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  • Philipp Poyntner

Abstract

Persistently high unemployment rates in Europa have refueled the discussion of worksharing as a means to boost employment. Theoretical as well as empirical studies do not reach a consensus whether a shorter working week increases or reduces employment. Empirical studies using microdata often find no or a negative employment effect, whereas time-series models often find a positive relationship. Building on work by Kapteyn et al. (2004), a macroeconomic model is developed to estimate long-run cointegrating relationships. For a panel of 18 european countries, two enhancements to the literature are made. First, the average working hours of those full employed are used, limiting noise by part-time work. Second, cross-section dependencies are controlled for. The result of the ARDL model suggest a positive relationship between shorter working weeks and employment.

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  • Philipp Poyntner, 2016. "Beschäftigungseffekte von Arbeitszeitverkürzung," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 42(4), pages 665-684.
  • Handle: RePEc:clr:wugarc:y:2016v:42i:4p:665
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    References listed on IDEAS

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