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Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan

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  • Mohaddes Kamiar

    (Faculty of Economics and Girton College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK)

  • Raissi Mehdi

    (International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, USA)

Abstract

This article extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani, Mohaddes, and Pesaran (Journal of Applied Econometrics, 2012a, forthcoming) to a labor-exporting country that receives large inflows of external income – the sum of remittances, foreign direct investment, and general government transfers – from major oil-exporting economies. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long-run relationships: an output equation as predicted by theory and an equation linking foreign and domestic inflation rates. It is shown that real output in the long run is shaped by (i) oil prices through their impact on external income and in turn on capital accumulation and (ii) technological transfers through foreign output. The empirical analysis of the article confirms the hypothesis that a large share of Jordan’s output volatility can be associated with fluctuations in net income received from abroad (arising from oil price shocks). External factors, however, cannot be relied upon to provide similar growth stimuli in the future, and, therefore, it will be important to diversify the sources of growth in order to achieve a high and sustained level of income.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohaddes Kamiar & Raissi Mehdi, 2013. "Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 9(2), pages 99-131, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:rmeecf:v:9:y:2013:i:2:p:99-131:n:2
    DOI: 10.1515/rmeef-2012-0011
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    Cited by:

    1. Kamiar Mohaddes & Mehdi Raissi, 2019. "The US oil supply revolution and the global economy," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 57(5), pages 1515-1546, November.
    2. Arlan Brucal & Michael Abrigo, 2017. "Can Cheap Oil Hurt Net Importers? Evidence from the Philippines," Working Papers id:12323, eSocialSciences.
    3. Mr. Kamiar Mohaddes & Mr. Mehdi Raissi & Mr. Paul Cashin, 2012. "The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles," IMF Working Papers 2012/255, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Lorusso, Marco & Pieroni, Luca, 2018. "Causes and consequences of oil price shocks on the UK economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 223-236.
    5. Cashin, Paul & Mohaddes, Kamiar & Raissi, Maziar & Raissi, Mehdi, 2014. "The differential effects of oil demand and supply shocks on the global economy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 113-134.
    6. Asem Tahtamouni & Fouzan Al Qaisi & Usama Adnan Fendi, 2017. "The Effect of Oil Price Falling on the Jordanian Economic System," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(5), pages 282-289.
    7. Mr. Tobias N. Rasmussen & Agustin Roitman, 2011. "Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective: Are they Really That Bad?," IMF Working Papers 2011/194, International Monetary Fund.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E17 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

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