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Exports Margins in Austria’s Export Growth

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  • Türkcan, Kemal

Abstract

Recent empirical research in international trade emphasizes the role of the extensive and intensive margin as determinants of countries’ trade patterns. Considering the case of Austria, the present paper uses detailed bilateral export data with 215 partner countries over the period 1998-2011, differentiated by product categories where we distinguish between total goods, final goods and intermediate goods, in order to calculate the contribution of the extensive and intensive margins to Austria’s export performance. Intensive margin are further decomposed into price and quantity margins in order to evaluate the role of to changes in price (quality) and changes in quantity. Unlike previous studies that have mainly used a single approach for the decomposition of exports into its margins, the present paper uses three alternative methods: i) the count method, ii) the decomposition method of export shares proposed by Hummels and Klenow (2005), and iii) the decomposition method of export growth rates by Bingzhan (2011). Results show that the intensive margin is key driver of Austria’s export growth across each product category. Additionally, the results indicate that the growth in the intensive margin of Austria’s exports is mainly explained by quantity growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 53085.

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Date of creation: 21 Jan 2014
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53085

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Keywords: Austria; export margins; geographical and product diversification;

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  1. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  2. Neil Foster-McGregor & Johannes Pöschl & Robert Stehrer, 2010. "The Impact of Preferential Trade Agreements on the Margins of International Trade," wiiw Working Papers 70, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  3. Feenstra, Robert C, 1994. "New Product Varieties and the Measurement of International Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 157-77, March.
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  5. Paul R. Bergin & Ching-Yi Lin, 2009. "Exchange Rate Regimes and the Extensive Margin of Trade," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008, pages 201-227 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Paul Bergin & Ching-Yi Lin, 2010. "The Dynamic Effects of Currency Union on Trade," NBER Working Papers 16259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Lawless, Martina, 2008. "Deconstructing Gravity: Trade Costs and Extensive and Intensive Margins," MPRA Paper 10230, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Mark J. Melitz, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," NBER Working Papers 8881, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. David Hummels & Peter J. Klenow, 2005. "The Variety and Quality of a Nation's Exports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 704-723, June.
  10. Gabriel J. Felbermayr & Wilhelm Kohler, 2006. "Exploring the Intensive and Extensive Margins of World Trade," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 142(4), pages 642-674, December.
  11. Zahler, Andrés, 2007. "Decomposing world export growth and the relevance of new destinations," MPRA Paper 30295, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Elhanan Helpman & Marc Melitz & Yona Rubinstein, 2008. "Estimating Trade Flows: Trading Partners and Trading Volumes," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 123(2), pages 441-487, 05.
  13. Jan Van Hove, 2010. "Variety and quality in intra-European manufacturing trade: the impact of innovation and technological spillovers," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 43-59.
  14. Kemal Türkcan, 2011. "Vertical Intra-Industry Trade and Product Fragmentation in the Auto-Parts Industry," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 149-186, June.
  15. Flam, Harry & Helpman, Elhanan, 1987. "Vertical Product Differentiation and North-South Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 810-22, December.
  16. Guillaume Gaulier & Soledad Zignago, 2010. "BACI: International Trade Database at the Product-Level. The 1994-2007 Version," Working Papers 2010-23, CEPII research center.
  17. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-73, October.
  18. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
  19. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
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