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Agglomeration and population aging in a two region model of exogenous growth

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  • Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner

    () (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics & B.A.)

  • Klaus Prettner

    () (Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

This article investigates the effects of introducing demography into the New Economic Geography. We generalize the constructed capital approach, which relies on infinite individual planning horizons, by introducing mortality. The resulting overlapping generation framework with heterogeneous individuals allows us to study the effects of aging on agglomeration processes by analytically identifying the level of trade costs that triggers catastrophic agglomeration. Interestingly, this threshold value is rather sensitive to changes in mortality. In particular, the introduction of a positive mortality rate makes the symmetric equilibrium more stable and therefore counteracts agglomeration tendencies. In sharp contrast to other New Economic Geography approaches, this implies that deeper integration is not necessarily associated with higher interregional inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner & Klaus Prettner, 2009. "Agglomeration and population aging in a two region model of exogenous growth," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp125, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp125
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    Cited by:

    1. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner, 2010. "Demographic change, growth and agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp132, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Grafeneder-Weissteiner, Theresa & Prettner, Klaus, 2010. "Agglomeration processes in aging societies," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 1620, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    3. Stefan Wrzaczek, 2014. "Social optimality in the constructed-capital model," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer;Slovak Society for Operations Research;Hungarian Operational Research Society;Czech Society for Operations Research;Österr. Gesellschaft für Operations Research (ÖGOR);Slovenian Society Informatika - Section for Operational Research;Croatian Operational Research Society, vol. 22(1), pages 211-232, March.
    4. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner, 2011. "The joint effect of demographic change on growth and agglomeration," ERSA conference papers ersa10p834, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Grafeneder-Weissteiner, Theresa, 2010. "Demographic change, growth and agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 902, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.

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    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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