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Endogenous Growth, Efficiency Wages, and Persistent Unemployment

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  • Martin Zagler

    () (Department of Economics, WU Vienna, Vienna)

Abstract

This paper establishes a theoretical relation between the level of unemployment and the economic rate of growth. In a model with a monopolistically competitive manufacturing sector and a competitive innovation sector, which both pay efficiency wages, the equilibrium unemployment rate ¨C the Nawru ¨C exhibits an unambiguously negative impact on the long-run growth performance, as it reduces the innovative capacity of the economy. Only if efficiency levels are different across sectors, a causal relation from the growth rate to the level of unemployment can be established, since less innovation shifts the burden to induce efficiency towards the manufacturing sector, thus fostering unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Zagler, 2011. "Endogenous Growth, Efficiency Wages, and Persistent Unemployment," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 34-42, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bap:journl:110203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. George A. Akerlof & Janet L. Yellen, 1990. "The Fair Wage-Effort Hypothesis and Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(2), pages 255-283.
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    5. Nickell, Stephen & Kong, Paul, 1992. "An investigation into the power of insiders in wage determination," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 1573-1599, December.
    6. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
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    8. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
    9. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-444, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Annemarie Steidl & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2007. "Coming and leaving. Internal mobility in late Imperial Austria," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp107, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Gerlinde Fellner & Matthias Sutter, 2009. "Causes, Consequences, and Cures of Myopic Loss Aversion - An Experimental Investigation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(537), pages 900-916, April.
    3. Pasquale Commendatore & Ingrid Kubin & Carmelo Petraglia, 2009. "Footloose Capital and Productive Public Services," Chapters,in: Geography, Structural Change and Economic Development, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner & Klaus Prettner, 2009. "Agglomeration and population ageing in a two region model of exogenous growth," VID Working Papers 0901, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
    5. Engelbert Stockhammer & Paul Ramskogler, 2009. "Post-Keynesian economics How to move forward," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 6(2), pages 227-246.
    6. Harald Badinger & Ingrid Kubin, 2007. "Vom kurzfristigen zum mittelfristigen Gleichgewicht in einer offenen Volkswirtschaft unter fixen und flexiblen Wechselkursen," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp101, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    7. Aleksandra Riedl & Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2007. "Testing the tax competition theory: How elastic are national tax bases in western Europe?," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp112, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    8. Engelbert Stockhammer & Paul Ramskogler, 2007. "Uncertainty and exploitation in history," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp104, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    9. Özlem Onaran, 2007. "International financial markets and fragility in the Eastern Europe: "can it happen" here?," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp108, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    10. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner, 2010. "Demographic change, growth and agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp132, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    11. Currie, Martin & Kubin, Ingrid, 2005. "Fixed price dynamics versus flexible price dynamics," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 114, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    12. Hagemann, Harald, 2010. "L. Albert Hahn's Economic Theory of Bank Credit," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 2948, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    13. Leopold Soegner & Alfred Stiassny, 2000. "A Cross-Country Study on Okun's Law," Working Papers geewp13, Vienna University of Economics and Business Research Group: Growth and Employment in Europe: Sustainability and Competitiveness.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Endogenous growth; Product innovation; Equilibrium unemployment; Efficiency wages;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General

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