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Unemployment and Endogenous Growth

  • Anton B. T. M. Van Schaik
  • Henri L. F. De Groot

In this paper we develop a two-sector endogenous growth model with a dual labour market, based on efficiency wages. Growth is driven by intentional R&D performed in the high-tech and high-wage sector. How a change in rivalry among firms affects simultaneously growth and unemployment is examined. On the one hand, an increase of the elasticity of substitution between the product varieties of different high-tech firms reduces market power and leads to higher growth but reduces job prospects. On the other hand, if barriers to entry exist, an increase of the number of rivals in the market (due to removal of entry barriers) leads to lower growth, whereas the effect on aggregate employment is ambiguous. Copyright Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini and Blackwell Publishers Ltd. 1998.

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Article provided by CEIS in its journal Labour.

Volume (Year): 12 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (07)
Pages: 189-219

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Handle: RePEc:bla:labour:v:12:y:1998:i:2:p:189-219
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