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Are Exchange Rate-Based Stabilizations Expansionary: Theoretical Considerations and the Brazilian Case

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  • Gert Wehinger

    () (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics & B.A. and Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Economic Studies Division, POB 61, A-1010 Vienna, Austria)

Abstract

High inflation economies, especially the Latin American cases like Argentina and Brazil, have ultimately been successful in stabilising their prices using the exchange rate as a nominal anchor. Contrary to conventional wisdom inflation in these cases has not been reduced at the cost of temporary recessions, instead, they have shown positive output effects. Various theoretical explanations of such boom-cycles are discussed and a model generating such an outcome is developed. Some empirical evidence is given by the Brazilian "Real Plan" of 1994. Nevertheless, the medium and long-term effects of such programmes can result in recessions and a resumption of high inflation, although the cases show that such "postponed stabilisation costs" can be overcome by adequate and flexible supply-side policies accompanying the stabilisation programme.

Suggested Citation

  • Gert Wehinger, 1997. "Are Exchange Rate-Based Stabilizations Expansionary: Theoretical Considerations and the Brazilian Case," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp051, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp051 Note: PDF Document
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    File URL: http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/inst/vw1/papers/wu-wp51.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hargreaves Heap, Shaun P, 1994. " Institutions and (Short-Run) Macroeconomic Performance," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(1), pages 35-56, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner & Klaus Prettner, 2009. "Agglomeration and population ageing in a two region model of exogenous growth," VID Working Papers 0901, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
    2. Engelbert Stockhammer & Paul Ramskogler, 2009. "Post-Keynesian economics How to move forward," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, pages 227-246.
    3. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner, 2010. "Demographic change, growth and agglomeration," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp132, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macroeconomic modelling; exchange rate-based stabilisation; high inflation; Brazil; Latin America;

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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