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The financing and growth of firms in China and India : evidence from capital markets

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  • Didier, Tatiana
  • Schmukler, Sergio L.

Abstract

This paper studies the extent to which firms in China and India use capital markets to obtain financing and grow. Using a unique data set on domestic and international capital raising activity and firm performance, it finds that the expansion of financial market activity since the 1990s has been more limited than what the aggregate figures suggest. Relatively few firms raise capital. Even fewer firms capture the bulk of the financing. Moreover, firms that issue equity or bonds are different and behave differently from other publicly listed firms. Among other things, they are typically larger and grow faster. The differences between users and non-users exist before the capital raising activity, are associated with the probability of raising capital, and become more accentuated afterward. The distribution of issuing firms shifts more over time than the distribution of those that do not issue, suggesting little convergence in firm size among listed firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Didier, Tatiana & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2013. "The financing and growth of firms in China and India : evidence from capital markets," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6401, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6401
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    Cited by:

    1. Ano Sujithan, Kuhanathan, 2014. "Le système financier indien à l'épreuve de la crise," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/14810 edited by Avouyi-Dovi, Sanvi, June.
    2. repec:spr:empeco:v:53:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1154-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Didier Brandao,Tatiana & Levine,Ross Eric & Schmukler,Sergio L., 2015. "Capital market financing, firm growth, and firm size distribution," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7353, The World Bank.
    4. Didier, Tatiana & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2013. "The financing and growth of firms in China and India: Evidence from capital markets," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 111-137.
    5. Didier, Tatiana & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2014. "Financial development in Asia : beyond aggregate indicators," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6761, The World Bank.
    6. Cortina Lorente,Juan Jose & Ismail,Soha Ismail Ahmed Aly & Schmukler,Sergio L. & Cortina Lorente,Juan Jose & Ismail,Soha Ismail Ahmed Aly & Schmukler,Sergio L., 2016. "Firm financing and growth in the Arab region," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7756, The World Bank.
    7. repec:eee:ecofin:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:38-52 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:265-274 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Tatiana Didier & Ross Levine & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2014. "Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, Firm Size Distribution," NBER Working Papers 20336, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Chen, Yu-Fu & Funke, Michael & Tao, Kunyu, 2015. "Financial market reform – A new driver for China’s economic growth?," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    11. Meisami, Alex & Misra, Lalatendu & Mehran, Jamshid & Shi, Yilun, 2014. "Foreign capital raising by Indian firms: An examination of domestic stock price response," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 181-202.
    12. Ziaurrahman, Muhammad & Masih, Mansur, 2016. "Is financial sector development an engine of economic growth? evidence from India," MPRA Paper 72121, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Paul Mizen & Frank Packer & Eli Remolona & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2018. "Original sin in corporate finance: New evidence from Asian bond issuers in onshore and offshore markets," Discussion Papers 2018/04, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).

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    Keywords

    Debt Markets; Microfinance; Economic Theory&Research; Access to Finance; Banks&Banking Reform;

    JEL classification:

    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance

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