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Collateral booms and information depletion

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Abstract

We develop a new theory of information production during credit booms. Entrepreneurs need credit to undertake investment projects, some of which enable them to divert resources. Lenders can protect themselves from such diversion in two ways: collateralization and costly screening, which generates durable information about projects. In equilibrium, the collateralizationscreening mix depends on the value of aggregate collateral. High collateral values make it possible to reallocate resources towards productive projects, but they also crowd out screening. This has important dynamic implications. During credit booms driven by high collateral values (e.g., real estate booms), economic activity expands but the economy's stock of information on existing projects gets depleted. As a result, collateral-driven booms end in deep crises and slow recoveries: when booms end, investment is constrained both by the lack of collateral and by the lack of information on existing projects, which takes time to rebuild. We provide empirical support for the mechanism using US firm-level data.

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  • Vladimir Asriyan & Luc Laeven & Alberto Martin, 2020. "Collateral booms and information depletion," Economics Working Papers 1622, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jan 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1622
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Collateral Booms and Information Depletion
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2018-12-13 15:49:27

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    Cited by:

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    2. Robert Ulbricht & Ludwig Straub, 2015. "Endogenous Uncertainty and Credit Crunches," 2015 Meeting Papers 199, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Franklin Allen & Gadi Barlevy & Douglas Gale, 2022. "Asset Price Booms and Macroeconomic Policy: A Risk-Shifting Approach," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 243-280, April.
    4. Vincenzo Cuciniello & Nicola di Iasio, 2020. "Determinants of the credit cycle: a flow analysis of the extensive margin," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1266, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Laura Nowzohour & Livio Stracca, 2020. "More Than A Feeling: Confidence, Uncertainty, And Macroeconomic Fluctuations," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(4), pages 691-726, September.
    6. Vladimir Asriyan & Luc Laeven & Alberto Martin & Alejandro Van der Ghote & Victoria Vanasco, 2021. "Falling interest rates and credit reallocation: Lessons from general equilibrium," Economics Working Papers 1784, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jun 2022.
    7. Kyriakos T. Chousakos & Gary B. Gorton & Guillermo Ordoñez, 2020. "The Macroprudential Role of Stock Markets," NBER Working Papers 27113, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Jaccard, Ivan, 2021. "Leveraged property cycles," Working Paper Series 2539, European Central Bank.
    9. Péter Fáykiss & Erzsébet-Judit Rariga & Márton Zsigó, 2019. "Portfolio Cleaning of Problem Project Loans in Hungary – Experiences Related to the Systemic Risk Buffer, as a Targeted Macroprudential Instrument," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 18(3), pages 52-82.
    10. Matt Darst & Ehraz Refayet & Alexandros Vardoulakis, 2020. "Banks, Non Banks, and Lending Standards," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2020-086, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    11. Maryam Farboodi & Péter Kondor, 2020. "Rational Sentiments and Economic Cycles," NBER Working Papers 27472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Minetti, Raoul & Cao, Qingqing & Di Pietro, Marco & Kokas, Sotirios, 2020. "Bank Due Diligence in the Business Cycle," Working Papers 2020-3, Michigan State University, Department of Economics, revised 11 May 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit booms; collateral; information production; crises; misallocation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • D80 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - General

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