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Burning money? Government lending in a credit crunch

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Abstract

We analyze a small, new credit facility of a Spanish state-owned-bank during the crisis, using its continuous credit scoring system, firm-level scores, and credit register data. Compared to privately-owned banks, the state-owned bank faces worse applicants, softens (tightens) its credit supply to unobserved (observable) riskier firms, and has much higher defaults. In a regression discontinuity design, the supply of public credit causes: large positive real effects to financially-constrained firms (whose relationship banks reduced substantially credit supply); crowding-in of new private-bank credit; and positive spillovers to other firms. Private returns of the credit facility are negative, while social returns are positive.

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  • José-Luis Peydró & Gabriel Jiménez & Rafael Repullo & Jesús Saurina, 2017. "Burning money? Government lending in a credit crunch," Economics Working Papers 1577, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Aug 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1577
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Adverse selection; real effects of credit supply; crowding-in; state-owned banks; credit crunch; credit scoring; loan defaults; countercyclical policies.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H81 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Loans; Loan Guarantees; Credits; Grants; Bailouts

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