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Runs versus Lemons: Information Disclosure and Fiscal Capacity

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  • Miguel Faria-e-Castro
  • Joseba Martinez
  • Thomas Philippon

Abstract

We study the optimal use of disclosure and fiscal backstops during financial crises. Providing information can reduce adverse selection in credit markets, but negative disclosures can also trigger inefficient bank runs. In our model governments are thus forced to choose between runs and lemons. A fiscal backstop mitigates the risk of runs and allows a government to pursue a high disclosure strategy. Our model explains why governments with strong fiscal positions are more likely to run informative stress tests, and, paradoxically, how they can end up spending less than governments that are more fiscally constrained.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Faria-e-Castro & Joseba Martinez & Thomas Philippon, 2015. "Runs versus Lemons: Information Disclosure and Fiscal Capacity," NBER Working Papers 21201, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:21201
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue

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