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Runs versus Lemons: Information Disclosure and Fiscal Capacity

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  • Faria-e-Castro, Miguel
  • Martinez, Joseba
  • Philippon, Thomas

Abstract

We study the optimal use of disclosure and fiscal backstops during financial crises. Providing information can reduce adverse selection in credit markets, but negative disclosures can also trigger inefficient bank runs. In our model governments are thus forced to choose between runs and lemons. A fiscal backstop mitigates the risk of runs and allows a government to pursue a high disclosure strategy. Our model explains why governments with strong fiscal positions are more likely to run informative stress tests, and, paradoxically, how they can end up spending less than governments that are more fiscally constrained.

Suggested Citation

  • Faria-e-Castro, Miguel & Martinez, Joseba & Philippon, Thomas, 2016. "Runs versus Lemons: Information Disclosure and Fiscal Capacity," CEPR Discussion Papers 11408, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11408
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Philippon & Pierre Pessarossi & Boubacar Camara, 2017. "Backtesting European Stress Tests," NBER Working Papers 23083, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alvarez, Fernando & Barlevy, Gadi, 2014. "Mandatory Disclosure and Financial Contagion," Working Paper Series WP-2014-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    3. Sara Negrelli, 2018. "Bubbles and Persuasion with Second Order Uncertainty," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1876, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    4. Goldstein, Itay & Leitner, Yaron, 2015. "Stress tests and information disclosure," Working Papers 15-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, revised 16 Nov 2015.
    5. Brancati, Emanuele & Macchiavelli, Marco, 2015. "The Role of Dispersed Information in Pricing Default: Evidence from the Great Recession," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-79, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    6. Kowalik, Michal, 2016. "Opacity and Disclosure in Short-Term Wholesale Funding Markets," Risk and Policy Analysis Unit Working Paper RPA 16-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    7. Vincent Maurin, 2016. "Liquidity Fluctuations in Over the Counter Markets," 2016 Meeting Papers 218, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. repec:eee:jetheo:v:175:y:2018:i:c:p:652-688 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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