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Production and financial linkages in inter-firm networks: structural variety, risk-sharing and resilience

Author

Listed:
  • Giulio Cainelli
  • Sandro Montresor
  • Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti

Abstract

The paper analyzes how (production and financial) inter-firm networks can affect firms' default probabilities and observed default rates: an issue the recent crisis has brought to the front of the debate. A simple theoretical model of shock transfer is built up to investigate some stylized facts on how firm-idiosyncratic shocks tend to be allocated in the network, and how this allocation changes firms' default probability. The model shows that the network works as a perfect "risk-pooling" mechanism, when it is both strongly connected and symmetric. But the resort to "risk-sharing" does not necessarily reduce default rates in the network, unless the shock they face is lower on average than their financial capacity. Conceived as cases of symmetric inter-firm networks, industrial districts might have a comparative disadvantage in front of "heavy" financial crises such as the current one.

Suggested Citation

  • Giulio Cainelli & Sandro Montresor & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2010. "Production and financial linkages in inter-firm networks: structural variety, risk-sharing and resilience," Openloc Working Papers 1018, Public policies and local development.
  • Handle: RePEc:trn:utwpol:1018
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Rodríguez‐Pose & Roberto Ganau & Kristina Maslauskaite & Monica Brezzi, 2021. "Credit constraints, labor productivity, and the role of regional institutions: Evidence from manufacturing firms in Europe," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 299-328, March.
    2. Giulio Cainelli & Sandro Montresor & Giuseppe Vittucci Marzetti, 2014. "Spatial agglomeration and firm exit: a spatial dynamic analysis for Italian provinces," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 213-228, June.
    3. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "The Aftermath of Financial Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 466-472, May.
    4. Costantini, Valeria & Liberati, Paolo, 2014. "Technology transfer, institutions and development," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 26-48.
    5. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Is the 2007 U.S. Sub-Prime Financial Crisis So Different? An International Historical Comparison," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 56(3), pages 291-299, September.
    6. Roberto Antonietti & Giulio Cainelli & Monica Ferrari & Stefania Tomasini, 2015. "Banks, related variety and firms’ investments," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 89-99, March.
    7. KICHIKAWA Yuichi & IINO Takashi & IYETOMI Hiroshi & INOUE Hiroyasu, 2019. "Hierarchical and Circular Flow Structure of the Interfirm Transaction Network in Japan," Discussion papers 19063, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Roberto Antonietti & Giulio Cainelli & Monica Ferrari & Stefania Tomasini, 2014. "Banks, industrial relatedness and firms’ investments," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1402, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2014.
    9. Roberto Ganau, 2016. "Productivity, Credit Constraints and the Role of Short-Run Localization Economies: Micro-Evidence from Italy," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(11), pages 1834-1848, November.
    10. Daisuke Sato & Yuichi Ikeda & Shuichi Kawai & Maxmilian Schich, 2020. "The sustainability and the survivability of Kyoto’s traditional craft industry revealed from supplier-customer network," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(11), pages 1-23, November.
    11. Akira Namatame & Hoang Ang Q. Tran, 2013. "Enhancing The Resilience Of Networked Agents Through Risk Sharing," Advances in Complex Systems (ACS), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 16(04n05), pages 1-22.
    12. García Muñiz, Ana Salomé & Ramos Carvajal, Carmen, 2012. "Linkages, contagion and resilience: an input-output scope from the demand and supply side," MPRA Paper 59369, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. SATO Daisuke & IKEDA Yuichi & KAWAI Shuichi & Maxmilian SCHICH, 2020. "Supply-Chain Network Analysis of Kyoto's Traditional Craft Industry," Discussion papers 20044, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    14. Ana Salome GARCIA MUÑIZ & Carmen RAMOS CARVAJAL, 2015. "Input-Output Linkages And Network Contagion In Greece:Demand And Supply View," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(2), pages 35-52.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firm clusters; industrial districts; interlinking transactions; resilience; systemic risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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