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Prices, debt and market structure in an agent-based model of the financial market

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  • Fischer, Thomas
  • Riedler, Jesper

Abstract

We develop an agent-based model in which heterogenous and boundedly rational agents interact by trading a risky asset at an endogenously set price. Agents are endowed with balance sheets comprising the risky asset as well as cash on the asset side and equity capital as well as debt on the liabilities side. The introduction of balance sheets and debt into an agent-based setup is relatively new to the literature and allows us to tackle several research questions that are mostly inaccessible following conventional methodology, especially representative agent models. A number of findings emerge when simulating the model. We find that the empirically observable log-normal distribution of bank balance sheet size naturally emerges and that higher levels of leverage lead to a greater inequality among agents. When further analyzing the relationship between leverage and balance sheets, we observe that decreasing credit frictions result in an increasingly procyclical behavior of leverage, which is typical for investment banks. We show how decreasing credit frictions increase volatility but decrease the number of bankruptcies.

Suggested Citation

  • Fischer, Thomas & Riedler, Jesper, 2012. "Prices, debt and market structure in an agent-based model of the financial market," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-045, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:12045
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    Cited by:

    1. Wolski, Marcin & van de Leur, Michiel, 2016. "Interbank loans, collateral and modern monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 388-416.
    2. Fischer, Thomas, 2015. "Market structure and rating strategies in credit rating markets – A dynamic model with matching of heterogeneous bond issuers and rating agencies," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 39-56.
    3. Wood, Aaron D. & Mason, Charles F. & Finnoff, David, 2016. "OPEC, the Seven Sisters, and oil market dominance: An evolutionary game theory and agent-based modeling approach," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 132(PB), pages 66-78.
    4. Alexandru Mandes & Peter Winker, 2017. "Complexity and model comparison in agent based modeling of financial markets," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 12(3), pages 469-506, October.
    5. Victor Olkhov, 2017. "Econophysics Macroeconomic Model," Papers 1701.06625, arXiv.org.
    6. Riedler, Jesper & Brueckbauer, Frank, 2017. "Evaluating regulation within an artificial financial system: A framework and its application to the liquidity coverage ratio regulation," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-022, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Braun-Munzinger, Karen & Liu, Zijun & Turrell, Arthur, 2016. "An agent-based model of dynamics in corporate bond trading," Bank of England working papers 592, Bank of England.
    8. Matteo Serri & Guido Caldarelli & Giulio Cimini, 2016. "How the interbank market becomes systemically dangerous: an agent-based network model of financial distress propagation," Papers 1611.04311, arXiv.org.
    9. Schasfoort, Joeri & Stockermans, Christopher, 2017. "Fundamentals unknown: Momentum, mean-reversion and price-to-earnings trading in an artificial stock market," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-63, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Yuri Biondi & Feng Zhou, 2017. "Interbank Credit and the Money Manufacturing Process. A Systemic Perspective on Financial Stability," Papers 1702.08774, arXiv.org.
    11. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:3:p:713-730 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Edoardo Gaffeo, 2018. "Leverage and evolving heterogeneous beliefs in a simple agent-based financial market," DEM Working Papers 2018/03, Department of Economics and Management.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agent-based model; financial markets; instability; balance sheets; leverage; size distribution; credit frictions;

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations

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