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Co-evolution of Firms, Industries and Networks in Space


  • Anne Ter Wal
  • Ron Boschma


Ter Wal A. L. J. and Boschma R. Co-evolution of firms, industries and networks in space, Regional Studies. The cluster literature suffers from a number of shortcomings: (1) it often neglects that cluster firms are heterogeneous in terms of capabilities; (2) it tends to overemphasize the importance of geographical proximity and underestimates the role of networks; and (3) it hardly addresses the origins and evolution of clusters. The authors propose a theoretical framework that brings together the literature on clusters, industrial dynamics, the evolutionary theory of the firm, and network theory. It is described how clusters co-evolve with: (1) the industry with to they adhere; (2) the capabilities of the firms they contain; and (3) the industry-wide knowledge network of which they are part. [image omitted] Ter Wal A. L. J. et Boschma R. La coevolution geographique des entreprises, des industries et des reseaux, Regional Studies. La documentation sur les clusters souffre d'un nombre de points faibles: (1) elle ne tient compte du fait que les clusters d'entreprises sont heterogenes en termes de leurs capacites: (2) elle a tendance a souligner l'importance de la proximite geographique et a ne pas donner assez d'importance au role des reseaux; (3) elle aborde a peine les origines et l'evolution des clusters. On propose un cadre theorique qui reunit la documentation sur les clusters, la dynamique industrielle, la theorie evolutionniste des entreprises et le theorie des reseaux. On presente comment les clusters evoluent simultanement avec: (1) l'industrie a laquelle elles s'adherent; (2) les capacites des entreprises concernees; et (3) le reseau de connaissance a l'echelle industrielle dont elles font partie. Evolution des clusters Dynamique des reseaux Dynamique industrielle Geographie economique evolutionniste Ter Wal A. L. J. und Boschma R. Koevolution von Firmen, Branchen und Netzwerken im Raum, Regional Studies. Die Literatur uber Cluster leidet unter einer Anzahl von Mangeln: (1) Es wird oft vernachlassigt, dass Cluster-Firmen hinsichtlich ihrer Fahigkeiten heterogen sind; (2) die Bedeutung der geografischen Nahe wird in der Regel zu stark betont, wahrend die Rolle von Netzwerken unterschatzt wird; und (3) auf den Ursprung und die Evolution von Clustern wird kaum eingegangen. Wir schlagen einen theoretischen Rahmen vor, in dem die Literatur uber Cluster mit der Literatur uber Branchendynamik, die evolutionare Theorie der Firma und die Netzwerktheorie zusammengebracht wird. Wir beschreiben, wie sich Cluster gemeinsam mit den folgenden Faktoren weiterentwickeln: (1) der Branche, der sie angehoren; (2) den Fahigkeiten der in ihnen enthaltenen Firmen; und (3) dem branchenweiten Wissensnetzwerk, dem sie angehoren. Evolution von Clustern Netzwerkdynamik Branchendynamik Evolutionare Wirtschaftsgeografie Ter Wal A. L. J. y Boschma R. Coevolucion de empresas, industrias y redes en el espacio, Regional Studies. La literatura de aglomeracion adolece de varias deficiencias: (1) ignora con frecuencia que las empresas de aglomeracion son heterogeneas en lo que afecta a las capacidades; (2) tiende a poner demasiado enfasis en la importancia de la proximidad geografica y subestima el papel de las redes; (3) apenas considera los origenes y la evolucion de las aglomeraciones. Nosotros proponemos una estructura teorica que agrupe la literatura sobre aglomeraciones, dinamicas industriales, la teoria evolucionaria de empresas y la teoria de redes. Describimos como se desarrollan las aglomeraciones con: (1) la industria a la que pertenecen; (2) las capacidades de las empresas contenidas en ellas; y (3) la red de conocimiento industrial de la que forman parte. Evolucion de aglomeraciones Dinamicas de redes Dinamicas industriales Geografia economica evolucionaria

Suggested Citation

  • Anne Ter Wal & Ron Boschma, 2011. "Co-evolution of Firms, Industries and Networks in Space," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(7), pages 919-933.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:919-933
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400802662658

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ron A. Boschma & Jan G. Lambooy, 1999. "Evolutionary economics and economic geography," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 411-429.
    2. Giovanni Dosi & Christopher Freeman & Richard Nelson & Gerarld Silverberg & Luc Soete (ed.), 1988. "Technical Change and Economic Theory," LEM Book Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy, number dosietal-1988, August.
    3. Swann, G. M. Peter & Prevezer, Martha & Stout, David (ed.), 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering: International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198289593.
    4. Michael S. Dahl & Christian Ø.R. Pedersen & Bent Dalum, 2003. "Entry by Spinoff in a High-tech Cluster," DRUID Working Papers 03-11, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    5. Max-Peter Menzel & Dirk Fornahl, 2007. "Cluster Life Cycles - Dimensions and Rationales of Cluster Development," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-076, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
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