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Forecasting Day-Ahead Electricity Prices: Utilizing Hourly Prices

Author

Listed:
  • Eran Raviv

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Kees E. Bouwman

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Dick van Dijk

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

This discussion paper led to a publication in 'Energy Economics' , 2015, 50, 227-239. The daily average price of electricity represents the price of electricity to be delivered over the full next day and serves as a key reference price in the electricity market. It is an aggregate that equals the average of hourly prices for delivery during each of the 24 individual hours. This paper demonstrates that the disaggregated hourly prices contain useful predictive information for the daily average price. Multivariate models for the full panel of hourly prices significantly outperform univariate models of the daily average price, with reductions in Root Mean Squared Error of up to 16%. Substantial care is required in order to achieve these forecast improvements. Rich multivariate models are needed to exploit the relations between different hourly prices, but the risk of overfitting must be mitigated by using dimension reduction techniques, shrinkage and forecast combinations.

Suggested Citation

  • Eran Raviv & Kees E. Bouwman & Dick van Dijk, 2013. "Forecasting Day-Ahead Electricity Prices: Utilizing Hourly Prices," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-068/III, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20130068
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mawuli Segnon & Chi Keung Lau & Bernd Wilfling & Rangan Gupta, 2017. "Are multifractal processes suited to forecasting electricity price volatility? Evidence from Australian intraday data," CQE Working Papers 6117, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster.
    2. Nowotarski, Jakub & Raviv, Eran & Trück, Stefan & Weron, Rafał, 2014. "An empirical comparison of alternative schemes for combining electricity spot price forecasts," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 395-412.
    3. repec:eee:enepol:v:118:y:2018:i:c:p:257-269 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Florian Ziel & Rafal Weron, 2016. "Day-ahead electricity price forecasting with high-dimensional structures: Univariate vs. multivariate models," HSC Research Reports HSC/16/08, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    5. repec:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:5:p:1255-:d:146305 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Maciejowska, Katarzyna & Nowotarski, Jakub, 2016. "A hybrid model for GEFCom2014 probabilistic electricity price forecasting," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 1051-1056.
    7. Xuejiao Ma & Dandan Liu, 2016. "Comparative Study of Hybrid Models Based on a Series of Optimization Algorithms and Their Application in Energy System Forecasting," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-34, August.
    8. Bessec, Marie & Fouquau, Julien, 2018. "Short-run electricity load forecasting with combinations of stationary wavelet transforms," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 264(1), pages 149-164.
    9. García-Martos, Carolina & Bastos, Guadalupe & Alonso Fernández, Andrés Modesto, 2017. "Electricity prices forecasting by averaging dynamic factor models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 24028, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    10. repec:eee:eneeco:v:68:y:2017:i:c:p:490-514 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Agustín A. Sánchez de la Nieta & Virginia González & Javier Contreras, 2016. "Portfolio Decision of Short-Term Electricity Forecasted Prices through Stochastic Programming," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-19, December.
    12. Maciejowska, Katarzyna & Nowotarski, Jakub & Weron, Rafał, 2016. "Probabilistic forecasting of electricity spot prices using Factor Quantile Regression Averaging," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 957-965.
    13. Andrés M. Alonso & Guadalupe Bastos & Carolina García-Martos, 2016. "Electricity Price Forecasting by Averaging Dynamic Factor Models," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-21, July.
    14. Ergemen, Yunus Emre & Haldrup, Niels & Rodríguez-Caballero, Carlos Vladimir, 2016. "Common long-range dependence in a panel of hourly Nord Pool electricity prices and loads," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 79-96.
    15. Dedinec, Aleksandra & Filiposka, Sonja & Dedinec, Aleksandar & Kocarev, Ljupco, 2016. "Deep belief network based electricity load forecasting: An analysis of Macedonian case," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(P3), pages 1688-1700.
    16. Luigi Grossi & Fany Nan, 2017. "Forecasting electricity prices through robust nonlinear models," Working Papers 06/2017, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
    17. Angelica Gianfreda & Francesco Ravazzolo & Luca Rossini, 2018. "Comparing the Forecasting Performances of Linear Models for Electricity Prices with High RES Penetration," Papers 1801.01093, arXiv.org.
    18. Jakub Nowotarski & Rafal Weron, 2016. "To combine or not to combine? Recent trends in electricity price forecasting," HSC Research Reports HSC/16/01, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    19. Yunus Emre Ergemen & Carlos Vladimir Rodríguez-Caballero, 2016. "A Dynamic Multi-Level Factor Model with Long-Range Dependence," CREATES Research Papers 2016-23, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    20. Antonio Bello & Derek Bunn & Javier Reneses & Antonio Muñoz, 2016. "Parametric Density Recalibration of a Fundamental Market Model to Forecast Electricity Prices," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(11), pages 1-15, November.
    21. Niels Haldrup & Oskar Knapik & Tommaso Proietti, 2016. "A generalized exponential time series regression model for electricity prices," CREATES Research Papers 2016-08, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    22. repec:eee:appene:v:198:y:2017:i:c:p:203-222 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. repec:eee:eneeco:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:396-420 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Ziel, Florian & Weron, Rafał, 2018. "Day-ahead electricity price forecasting with high-dimensional structures: Univariate vs. multivariate modeling frameworks," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 396-420.
    25. Nowotarski, Jakub & Liu, Bidong & Weron, Rafał & Hong, Tao, 2016. "Improving short term load forecast accuracy via combining sister forecasts," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 40-49.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity market; Forecasting; Hourly prices; Dimension reduction; Shrinkage; Forecast combinations;

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting

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