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Estimating Trade Policy Effects with Structural Gravity

Author

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  • Piermartini, Roberta

    () (World Trade Organization)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    () (Drexel University)

Abstract

The objective of this manuscript is to serve as a practical guide for estimations with the structural gravity model. After a brief review of the theoretical foundations, we summarize the main challenges with gravity estimations and we review the solutions to address those challenges. Then, we integrate the latest developments in the empirical gravity literature and we offer six recommendations to obtain reliable partial equilibrium estimates of the effects of bilateral and non-discriminatory trade policies within the same comprehensive, and theoretically-consistent econometric specification. Our recommendations apply equally to analyses with aggregate and disaggregated data. Interpretation, consistent aggregation methods, and data challenges and sources for gravity estimations are discussed as well. Empirical exercises demonstrate the usefulness, validity, and applicability of our methods.

Suggested Citation

  • Piermartini, Roberta & Yotov, Yoto, 2016. "Estimating Trade Policy Effects with Structural Gravity," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2016-10, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2016_010
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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriel Felbermayr & Jasmin Katrin Gröschl & Thomas Steinwachs, 2016. "The Trade Effects of Border Controls: Evidence from the European Schengen Agreement," ifo Working Paper Series 213, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    2. David J. Kuenzel, 2017. "Do Trade Flows Respond to Nudges? Evidence from the WTO’s Trade Policy Review Mechanism," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2017-006, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
    3. Cipollina, Maria Pina & De Benedictis, Luca & Salvatici, Luca & Vicarelli, Claudio, 2016. "Policy Measurement and Multilateral Resistance in Gravity Models," MPRA Paper 75255, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Scott L. Baier & Amanda Kerr & Yoto V. Yotov, 2018. "Gravity, distance, and international trade," Chapters,in: Handbook of International Trade and Transportation, chapter 2, pages 15-78 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Martínez-San Román, Valeriano & Mateo-Mantecón, Ingrid & Sainz-González, Rubén, 2017. "Intra-national home bias: New evidence from the United States commodity flow survey," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 4-9.
    6. repec:dat:bmngmt:y:2016:i:4:p:3 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Mario Larch & Yoto V. Yotov, 2016. "General Equilibrium Trade Policy Analysis with Structural Gravity," CESifo Working Paper Series 6020, CESifo Group Munich.
    8. Krebs, Oliver & Pflüger, Michael P., 2015. "How Deep Is Your Love? A Quantitative Spatial Analysis of the Transatlantic Trade Partnership," IZA Discussion Papers 9021, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Scott L. Baier & Yoto V. Yotov & Thomas Zylkin, 2016. "On the Widely Differing Effects of Free Trade Agreements: Lessons from Twenty Years of Trade Integration," CESifo Working Paper Series 6174, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Borchert, Ingo & Yotov, Yoto V., 2017. "Distance, globalization, and international trade," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 32-38.
    11. Iliev, Dragomir & Stefanov, Galin & Yotov, Yoto, 2016. "Estimating Bulgaria’S Trade Borders With The Eu An Application Of The Empirical Gravity Model Of Trade," Business Management, D. A. Tsenov Academy of Economics, Svishtov, Bulgaria, issue 4, pages 1-3.
    12. Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2017. "The Euro and the CFA Franc: Evidence of sectoral trade effects," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 311, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    13. Robert M'barek & Jesus Barreiro-Hurle & Pierre Boulanger & Arnaldo Caivano & Pavel Ciaian & Hasan Dudu & Maria Espinosa Goded & Thomas Fellmann & Emanuele Ferrari & Sergio Gomez Y Paloma & Celso Gorri, 2017. "Scenar 2030 - Pathways for the European agriculture and food sector beyond 2020," JRC Working Papers JRC108449, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    14. Susanne Fricke & Geoffrey Chapman, 2017. "The Role of Standards in North-South Trade: The Case of Agricultural Exports from Sub-Saharan African Countries to the EU," Jena Economic Research Papers 2017-011, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    15. María Isabel Ayuda & Hugo Ferrer-Pérez & Vicente Pinilla, 2018. "How to become a leader in an emerging new global market: The determinants of French wine exports, 1848-1938," Working Papers 0124, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).

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    Keywords

    Structural Gravity; Trade Policy; Estimation; Partial Equilibrium Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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