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Quantifying the Impact of Economic Sanctions on International Trade in the Energy and Mining Sectors

Author

Listed:
  • Larch, Mario

    () (University of Bayreuth)

  • Shikher, Serge

    () (United States International Trade Commission)

  • Syropoulos, Costas

    () (School of Economics Drexel University)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    () (School of Economics Drexel University)

Abstract

Capitalizing on the latest developments in the gravity literature, we utilize two new datasets on sanctions and trade to study the impact of economic sanctions on international trade in the mining sector, which includes oil and natural gas. We demonstrate that the gravity equation is well suited to model bilateral trade in mining and find that sanctions have been effective in impeding mining trade. Our analysis reveals that complete trade sanctions have reduced bilateral mining trade by about 44 percent on average. We also document the presence of significant heterogeneity in the effects of sanctions on mining trade across mining industries and across sanction episodes/cases, depending on the sanctioning and sanctioned countries, the type of sanctions used, and the direction of trade flows. We take a close look at the impact of recent sanctions on Iran and Russia.

Suggested Citation

  • Larch, Mario & Shikher, Serge & Syropoulos, Costas & Yotov, Yoto, 2021. "Quantifying the Impact of Economic Sanctions on International Trade in the Energy and Mining Sectors," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2021-9, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2021_009
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Weber, Patrick M. & Schneider, Gerald, 2020. "How many hands to make sanctions work? Comparing EU and US sanctioning efforts," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    2. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-481, August.
    3. Baier, Scott L. & Yotov, Yoto V. & Zylkin, Thomas, 2019. "On the widely differing effects of free trade agreements: Lessons from twenty years of trade integration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 206-226.
    4. Egger, Peter & Larch, Mario, 2008. "Interdependent preferential trade agreement memberships: An empirical analysis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 384-399, December.
    5. Egger, Peter & Larch, Mario & Yotov, Yoto, 2020. "Gravity-model Estimation with Time-interval Data: Revisiting the Impact of Free Trade Agreements," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2020-11, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Structural Gravity; Sanctions; Mining; Oil; Trade Effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions

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