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Distance, Globalization, and International Trade

Author

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  • Borchert, Ingo

    (University of Sussex)

  • Yotov, Yoto

    (Drexel University)

Abstract

We offer a robust solution to the distance puzzle in international trade within the structural gravity framework. Then we obtain country-specific estimates of the effects of distance on trade. We find that the effects of globalization on manufacturing trade over the period 1986-2006 are non-monotonic across country income groups. The biggest winners from globalization are countries in the middle of the world income distribution. Advanced economies in our sample have enjoyed gains too; however, according to our estimates, low income countries have not nearly benefitted from globalization as much as middle income countries. The estimated country-specific changes in distance effects are correlated systematically with variables commonly identified as globalization forces.

Suggested Citation

  • Borchert, Ingo & Yotov, Yoto, 2016. "Distance, Globalization, and International Trade," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2016-8, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2016_008
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    4. Scott L. Baier & Amanda Kerr & Yoto V. Yotov, 2018. "Gravity, distance, and international trade," Chapters, in: Bruce A. Blonigen & Wesley W. Wilson (ed.), Handbook of International Trade and Transportation, chapter 2, pages 15-78, Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    6. Theresa M. Greaney & Kozo Kiyota, 2020. "The gravity model and trade in intermediate inputs," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(8), pages 2034-2049, August.
    7. Muntasir Murshed & Seemran Rashid, 2020. "An Empirical Investigation of Real Exchange Rate Responses to Foreign Currency Inflows: Revisiting the Dutch Disease Phenomenon in South Asia," The Economics and Finance Letters, Conscientia Beam, vol. 7(1), pages 23-46.
    8. Ayman El Dahrawy Sánchez‐Albornoz & Jacopo Timini, 2021. "Trade agreements and Latin American trade (creation and diversion) and welfare," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(7), pages 2004-2040, July.
    9. Campos, Rodolfo G. & Timini, Jacopo & Vidal, Elena, 2021. "Structural gravity and trade agreements: Does the measurement of domestic trade matter?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 208(C).
    10. Lanz, Rainer & Lee, Woori & Stolzenburg, Victor, 2019. "Distance, formal and informal institutions in international trade," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2019-03, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    11. Silviano Esteve‐Pérez & Salvador Gil‐Pareja & Rafael Llorca‐Vivero & José Antonio Martínez‐Serrano, 2020. "EMU and trade: A PPML re‐assessment with intra‐national trade flows," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(10), pages 2574-2599, October.
    12. MORIKAWA Masayuki, 2018. "Effects of Distance and Borders on International and Interregional Tourist Flows: A micro-gravity analysis," Discussion papers 18021, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    13. Michael Pfaffermayr, 2020. "Trade creation and trade diversion of economic integration agreements revisited: a constrained panel pseudo-maximum likelihood approach," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(4), pages 985-1024, November.
    14. Silviano Esteve-Pérez & Salvador Gil-Pareja & Rafael Llorca-Vivero & Jordi Paniagua, 2021. "Has the Euro paid off? A study of the trade-induced welfare effects of the EMU," Working Papers 2103, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
    15. Piermartini, Roberta & Yotov, Yoto V., 2016. "Estimating trade policy effects with structural gravity," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2016-10, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    16. Zoltan Lakner & Anna Kiss & Bela Vizvari & Jozsef Popp, 2021. "Trade Liberalisation and Sustainability: A Case Study of Agro-Food Transport Optimisation," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 822-839.
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    19. Kitenge, Erick, 2021. "The Linder hypothesis during the globalization era," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 200(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Distance Puzzle; Missing Globalization; Structural Gravity; Poor Countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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