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The Evolution of Male-Female Wages Differentials in Canadian Universities: 1970-2001

Author

Listed:
  • Casey Warman

    () (Queen's University, Department of Economics, Statistics Canada)

  • Frances Woolley

    (Carleton University, Department of Economics)

  • Christopher Worswick

    (Carleton University, Department of Economics)

Abstract

In this paper, we use a unique data set containing detailed information on all full-time teachers at Canadian universities over the period 1970 through 2001. The individual level data are collected by Statistics Canada from all universities in Canada and are used to analyze the evolution of male-female wage differentials of professors in Canadian universities. The long time series aspect of this data source along with the detailed administrative information allow us to provide a more complete and more accurate portrait of the wage gap than is available in most other studies. The results of a cohort-based analysis indicate that the male salary advantage among university faculty has declined for more recent birth cohorts. This has been driven not so much by an increase in the real salaries of female professors but from a cross cohort decline in the earnings of male professors and the fact that female professors have not experienced a similar cross cohort decline. Also important to note is the fact that the differences across cohorts appear to be permanent. There is no clear pattern of changes in these cohort differences with age.

Suggested Citation

  • Casey Warman & Frances Woolley & Christopher Worswick, 2006. "The Evolution of Male-Female Wages Differentials in Canadian Universities: 1970-2001," Working Papers 1099, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:1099
    as

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    File URL: http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/working_papers/papers/qed_wp_1099.pdf
    File Function: First version 2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; earnings; Canada; professors; faculty;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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