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Real Exchange Rate Policies for Economic Development

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  • Martin Guzman
  • Jose Antonio Ocampo
  • Joseph E. Stiglitz

Abstract

This paper analyzes the role of real exchange rate (RER) policies in promoting economic development. Markets provide a suboptimal amount of investment in sectors characterized by learning spillovers. We show that a stable and competitive RER policy may correct for this externality and other related market failures. The resulting development of these sectors leads to overall faster economic growth. A system of effectively multiple exchange rates is required when spillovers across different tradable sectors differ. The impact of RER policies is increased when they are complemented by traditional industrial policies that increase the elasticity of the aggregate supply to the RER. Among the instruments required to implement a stable and competitive RER are interventions in the foreign exchange market and regulation of capital flows. We also discuss the trade-offs associated with alternative stable and competitive RER policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Guzman & Jose Antonio Ocampo & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2017. "Real Exchange Rate Policies for Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 23868, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23868
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    Cited by:

    1. Abouelkhair, Anass & Gahaz, Taha & Y. Tamsamani, Yasser, 2018. "Choix du régime de change et croissance économique : Une analyse empirique sur des données de panel africaines
      [Exchange Rate Regime Choice and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis on African Pan
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    2. Gupta, Avinash, 2018. "‘Economics’ of prosperity: Why the dominant perspectives may be unhelpful to make sense of underdevelopment," MPRA Paper 87702, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Abouelkhaira, Anass & Gahaz, Taha & Y. Tamsamani, Yasser, 2018. "Choix du régime de change et croissance économique : Une analyse empirique sur des données de panel africaines
      [Exchange Rate Regime Choice and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis on African Pan
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    4. Harris Laurence & Aye Goodness, 2019. "The effect of real exchange rate volatility on income distribution in South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-29, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. repec:eee:wdevel:v:117:y:2019:i:c:p:296-312 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Gupta, Avinash, 2018. "‘Economics’ of prosperity: Why the dominant perspectives may be unhelpful to make sense of underdevelopment," MPRA Paper 87534, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Rafael Saulo Marques Ribeiro & John S. L. McCombie, Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2017. "Does Real Exchange Rate Undervaluation Really Promote Economic Growth?," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2017_11, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    8. Alejandro Torres García & Thomas Goda & Santiago Sanchez Gonzalez & Adriana Romero Villanueva, 2017. "Efectos diferenciales de la tasa de cambio real sobre el comercio internacional en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 015662, Universidad EAFIT.
    9. Duygu Yolcu Karadam & Erdal Özmen, 2016. "Real Exchange Rates and Growth," ERC Working Papers 1609, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Sep 2016.
    10. Guizzo, Danielle & Strachman, Eduardo & Dalto, Fabiano & Feijo, Carmem, 2018. "Financialisation and Development: how can emerging economies catch up?," MPRA Paper 87076, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Arslan Razmi, 2018. "Politics-Driven Exchange Rate Cycles : East Asia vs. Latin America," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2018-14, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
    12. repec:bap:journl:190207 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:eee:intfin:v:59:y:2019:i:c:p:232-249 is not listed on IDEAS
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    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages

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