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In search of the Euro Area Fiscal Stance

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  • Alice, Albonico
  • Alessia, Paccagnini
  • Patrizio, Tirelli

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of fiscal and monetary policies over the aggregate EMU business cycle, with a specific focus on fiscal policies. We estimate large multipliers for public consumption and transfers. In spite of this, fiscal policies were substantantially muted. This result is confirmed even for the post 2007 period. In fact fiscal policies did not complement the monetary policy stimulus in response to the financial crisis. Further, we cannot detect any substantial aggregate effect of austerity measures implemented in peripheral countries. Finally, the post-2007 surge in expenditure-to-GDP ratios was apparently determined by non-policy shocks that reduced output growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Alice, Albonico & Alessia, Paccagnini & Patrizio, Tirelli, 2016. "In search of the Euro Area Fiscal Stance," Working Papers 324, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 24 Feb 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:324
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    Cited by:

    1. Babecký, Jan & Franta, Michal & Ryšánek, Jakub, 2018. "Fiscal policy within the DSGE-VAR framework," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 23-37.
    2. Paccagnini, Alessia, 2017. "Dealing with Misspecification in DSGE Models: A Survey," MPRA Paper 82914, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Albonico, Alice & Paccagnini, Alessia & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2017. "Great recession, slow recovery and muted fiscal policies in the US," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 140-161.
    4. Mathilde Le Moigne & Francesco Saraceno & Sébastien Villemot, 2016. "Probably Too Little, Certainly Too Late. An Assessment of the Juncker Investment Plan," Sciences Po publications 2016-10, Sciences Po.
    5. Alice, Albonico & Roberta, Cardani & Patrizio, Tirelli, 2017. "Debunking the Myth of Southern Profligacy. A DSGE Analysis of Business Cycles in the EMU’s Big Four," Working Papers 373, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2018.
    6. Francisco de Castro & Francisco Martí & Antonio Montesinos & Javier J. Pérez & Antonio Jesús Sánchez Fuentes, 2018. "A Quarterly Fiscal Database Fit for Macroeconomic Analysis," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 224(1), pages 139-155, March.
    7. Albonico, Alice & Rossi, Lorenza, 2017. "Inflation bias and markup shocks in a LAMP model with strategic interaction of monetary and fiscal policy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 39-55.
    8. Drygalla, Andrej & Holtemöller, Oliver & Kiesel, Konstantin, 2020. "The Effects Of Fiscal Policy In An Estimated Dsge Model—The Case Of The German Stimulus Packages During The Great Recession," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(6), pages 1315-1345, September.
    9. Alice, Albonico & Alessia, Paccagnini & Patrizio, Tirelli, 2016. "PIIGS in the Euro Area. An Empirical DSGE Model," Working Papers 331, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 11 Mar 2016.
    10. Nicoletta Batini & Alessandro Cantelmo & Giovanni Melina & Stefania Villa, 2020. "How Loose, How Tight? A Measure of Monetary and Fiscal Stance for the Euro Area," IMF Working Papers 2020/086, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Beqiraj Elton & Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Di Pietro Marco, 2016. "Financial crises, limited asset market participation, and banks balance sheet constraints," wp.comunite 00127, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
    12. Patrizio Tirelli & Maria Ferrara, 2020. "Disinflation, Inequality, And Welfare In A Tank Model," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 58(3), pages 1297-1313, July.
    13. Ageliki Anagnostou & Piotr Krajewski & Katarzyna Pilat, 2020. "Regional Specific Idiosyncrasies and Fiscal Policy: Evidence from 47 Regions of the Central and Eastern European Countries," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(Special 1), pages 936-954.
    14. Christos Avdoulas & Stelios Bekiros, 2018. "Nonlinear Forecasting of Euro Area Industrial Production Using Evolutionary Approaches," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 52(2), pages 521-530, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE; Limited Asset Market Participation; Bayesian Estimation; Euro Area; Business Cycle; Monetary Policy; Fiscal Policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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